Mikhail Gorbachev


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Gorbachev, Mikhail Sergeevich

 

Born Mar. 2, 1931, in the village of Privol’noe, Krasnogvardeiskoe Raion, Stravropol’ Krai. Soviet party figure. Member of the CPSU since 1952.

The son of a peasant, Gorbachev graduated from the law department of Moscow State University in 1955. In 1967 he completed the correspondence course of the Stavropol’ Agricultural Institute. He was an assistant combine operator at a machine tractor station from 1946 to 1950. Between 1956 and 1962, Gorbachev served as first secretary of the Stavropol’ city committee of the Komsomol and second and first secretary of the krai committee. He was first secretary of the Stavropol’ city committee of the CPSU and second secretary of the krai committee from 1966 to 1970; from 1970 to 1978 he was first secretary of the krai committee.

Gorbachev became a secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU in November 1978 and was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1971. A candidate member of the Politbüro of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1979, Gorbachev was elected a member of the Politbüro in 1980. He was a deputy to the eighth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

Gorbachev has received three Orders of Lenin, the Order of the October Revolution, two other orders, and various medals.

References in periodicals archive ?
HISTORIC Former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and former Polish President Lech Walesa.
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Mikhail Gorbachev in the final years of the Soviet Union, dies after an academic conference in Tula.
The former President of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev, visited Germany recently to attend the celebrations organised to mark the 10th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall.
This piece was drafted (not merely signed) by twenty-four Nobel Peace Prize laureates--including the Dalai Lama, Mikhail Gorbachev, Nelson Mandela, Coretta Scott King, Desmond Tutu, and Elie Wiesel--and issued this past March 4 by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization.