Mikhail Gorbachev


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Gorbachev, Mikhail Sergeevich

 

Born Mar. 2, 1931, in the village of Privol’noe, Krasnogvardeiskoe Raion, Stravropol’ Krai. Soviet party figure. Member of the CPSU since 1952.

The son of a peasant, Gorbachev graduated from the law department of Moscow State University in 1955. In 1967 he completed the correspondence course of the Stavropol’ Agricultural Institute. He was an assistant combine operator at a machine tractor station from 1946 to 1950. Between 1956 and 1962, Gorbachev served as first secretary of the Stavropol’ city committee of the Komsomol and second and first secretary of the krai committee. He was first secretary of the Stavropol’ city committee of the CPSU and second secretary of the krai committee from 1966 to 1970; from 1970 to 1978 he was first secretary of the krai committee.

Gorbachev became a secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU in November 1978 and was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1971. A candidate member of the Politbüro of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1979, Gorbachev was elected a member of the Politbüro in 1980. He was a deputy to the eighth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

Gorbachev has received three Orders of Lenin, the Order of the October Revolution, two other orders, and various medals.

References in periodicals archive ?
It is highly significant that a top-level Marxist-Leninist such as Mikhail Gorbachev could find such affinity with Western leaders about a "common European home" and then, 13 years later, approvingly note that that common home was moving ever closer to the Soviet model.
MIKHAIL Gorbachev was saved from drowning in the Caribbean after swimming out too far.
From 1981 to 1985, he saw the leadership of the Soviet Union shift from the tired rule of Leonid Brezhnev to the dynamic but short reign of Yuri Andropov, then give way to a last gasp of the old guard under Konstantin Chernenko, and finally revert to Andropov's young protege, Mikhail Gorbachev.
epa, founded in 1985, established its reputation as the number one photo news agency in Europe with outstanding coverage of events such as the fall of the Berlin Wall, the ousting of Mikhail Gorbachev and the wars in the former Yugoslavia.
For nearly four years, Mikhail Gorbachev presided over the murderous Soviet occupation of Afghanistan, which resulted in the death of millions of Afghans.
BORIS Yeltsin was persuaded to quit as Russian president by his daughter and doctors, ex-Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev said yesterday.
8, George Bush and Helmut Kohl said, repeatedly, they had been afraid Mikhail Gorbachev would not be able to restrain Soviet hard-liners from ordering Warsaw Pact troops to crush the revolution (an East-German uprising).
Let's work together" said Former Soviet Union President and Nobel Laureate Mikhail Gorbachev, presenting the Russian high tech industry to an audience composed of Massachusetts business elite.
It is not surprising then that Soros is a boon companion to former Soviet dictator Mikhail Gorbachev and was a top-billed player at Gorbachev's 2000 Millennium Summit in New York City.
Former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev once admitted the major reason his nation was in such trouble was because his people were ignorant of moral and spiritual values.
FORMER Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev branded Boris Yeltsin a failed has-been in a blistering attack yesterday.
He may not command the daily headlines that he did when he headed the Soviet Union, but Mikhail Gorbachev is, arguably, more influential and dangerous now than when his finger was on the Soviet nuclear trigger.