Mikis Theodorakis


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Theodorakis, Mikis

 

Born July 29, 1925, on the island of Khios. Greek composer and prominent social and political figure. Member of Greece’s Resistance Movement.

In 1948 and 1949, Theodorakis was imprisoned in a concentration camp on the island of Makronesos. In 1950 he graduated from the Athens Conservatory, where he had studied composition under P. Economidis. From 1953 to 1959 he attended the Paris Conservatory, studying musical analysis with O. Messiaen and conducting with E. Bigot. In 1959 he returned to Greece. Between 1964 and 1967, Theodorakis served in parliament as a member of the Union of the Democratic Left. Imprisoned shortly after the military coup in 1967, he was released in 1968 in response to world public opinion. In 1969, however, he was arrested again and sent to the concentration camp at Oropos, near Athens. In 1970 he was permitted to go to France, where he resumed his musical activities. He returned to Greece in 1974.

Theodorakis has composed symphonies, chamber works, songs, and dances, including several syrtaki dances. Among his works are the musical revue and song cycle The Angels’ Quarter; the ballet scores Orpheus and Eurydice, Antigone, and Les Amants de Teruel; the musical tragedy and song cycle The Ballad of the Dead Brother; and a musical score for Sophocles’ tragedy Oedipus Tyrannus. He has also written music for several films. His vocal compositions include the song cycles Epitaphios, written in memory of those who were killed during the antifascist demonstrations, and Romiossini, as well as the oratorio Axion Esti, a work about the Greek struggle for liberation from fascist occupation. Theodorakis has performed on tour in the USSR.

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References in periodicals archive ?
He is the youngest singer to have performed Aksion Esti, a series of poems by Odysseas Elytis put to music by Mikis Theodorakis, and he also performed the song that accompanied the Olympic flame on its journey back to Athens in 2004.
ySTANBUL (CyHAN)- Greek singer Maria Farandouri will perform an onstage tribute to Mikis Theodorakis in ystanbul this weekend, celebrating the 90th birthday of one of Greece's most popular living musicians with a performance of his most famous songs.
Reste a savoir ce que represente ce courant dans le paysage social et politique au pays de Mikis Theodorakis.
mais le peuple ne va pas ceder", s'est exclame le compositeur grec Mikis Theodorakis qui s'est joint aux contestataires a Athenes, juste devant le Parlement.
Mikis Theodorakis is among the most prolific composers of Greece, best known for composing music for hit movie Zorba the Greek.
In the play directed by Aggelos Sikelianos and Elias Malandris for which music was made by Konstantino Psahos and Mikis Theodorakis, Greek tenor Mario Frangoulis will play Prometheus.
WHO links such unlikely musical bedfellows as Ena Sharples, Lennox Berkeley, Nadia Boulanger and Mikis Theodorakis of Zorba the Greek fame?
The poets' literary works have been set to music by Greece's most prominent composers, including Mikis Theodorakis, Manos Hatzidakis, Dimitris Laghios, Dimitris Papadimitriou and Spyros Samaras, composer of the Olympic Anthem.
When renowned ``Zorba'' composer Mikis Theodorakis described Jews as the root of evil at a book-signing ceremony heavily covered by the Greek media, Culture Minister Evangelos Venizelos and Education Minister Petros Efthymiou stood beside him, smiling.
Anyhow, I remember going to see Zorba the Greek and, inspired by the music of Mikis Theodorakis, I changed my first name immediately.
Israel has complained to the Greek government about comments by composer Mikis Theodorakis who called Jews ``the root of evil'' and dismissed key Biblical figures as mere ``shadows,''a diplomatic source said.
I hope the youth begin to hate everything American," declares Mikis Theodorakis, the country's leading cultural icon and composer of the Zorba theme, whom Greece nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize last year.