Military Discipline

Discipline, Military

 

the strict and precise observance by all servicemen of the order and rules established by laws and military regulations.

Though all armies have military discipline, its nature varies in different armies depending on the social structure of the state. In the Soviet armed forces discipline rests not on fear of punishment and not on compulsion but on every serviceman’s consciousness of his military duty and his personal responsibility for the defense of his homeland, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Discipline promotes efficient command of troops and helps in the surmounting of difficulties in combat situations. It is the most vital condition contributing to high combat capability and constant combat readiness of troops. The Soviet armed forces owe their victory in the Civil War (1918-20) and in the Great Patriotic War (1941-45) to the high level of conscientiousness and iron military discipline of Soviet soldiers.

The general regulations and specific rules concerning disciplinary practice are contained in the Disciplinary Regulations of the Armed Forces of the USSR, ratified by a decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR and having the force of law. Military discipline obligates every serviceman to strict observance of the laws and precise fulfillment of the demands of the military oath, military regulations, and orders and instructions of superiors; he must also courageously bear all the burdens and privations of military service, not spare his blood and his very life in the fulfillment of military duties, and strictly guard military and state secrets. He must be honest and truthful, and conscientiously study military affairs, as well as protect military and public property to the best of his ability; he is also obliged to show respect to his superiors and seniors and to observe strictly the rules of military courtesy and saluting. He must comport himself with dignity and honor when off duty, restrain himself and prevent others from violating the public order, and to the best of his ability protect the honor and dignity of citizens.

In the interests of the defense of the homeland all commanders (superiors), while showing constant solicitude for their subordinates and for their education, must vigorously and firmly demand that discipline and order be observed. They must not let any misdemeanor by their subordinates go unpunished, they must severely punish soldiers neglectful of their duties, and they must encourage the worthy ones for displaying reasonable initiative, zeal, bravery, and distinction in service. Disciplinary practice rests on the correct combination of persuasion and compulsion with respect to servicemen who are neglectful in the fulfillment of their military duty. The political education of servicemen carried out by commanders (superiors), political organs, and party and Komsomol organizations is decisive in maintaining a high level of military discipline in the armed forces.

I. N. MINENKO

References in classic literature ?
As soon as they got into order they divided into two parties, performed mock skirmishes, discharged blunt arrows, drew their swords, fled and pursued, attacked and retired, and in short discovered the best military discipline I ever beheld.
Impossible to class it in that ancient family of sombre, mysterious churches, low and crushed as it were by the round arch, almost Egyptian, with the exception of the ceiling; all hieroglyphics, all sacerdotal, all symbolical, more loaded in their ornaments, with lozenges and zigzags, than with flowers, with flowers than with animals, with animals than with men; the work of the architect less than of the bishop; first transformation of art, all impressed with theocratic and military discipline, taking root in the Lower Empire, and stopping with the time of William the Conqueror.
I had trained them in military discipline and in so much of the art of war as I had gleaned from extensive read-ing of the campaigns of Napoleon, Von Moltke, Grant, and the ancients.
Even if his black cravat and doeskin gloves, the pistols that filled his holsters, and the valise securely fastened to the crupper behind him had not combined to mark him out as a soldier, the air of unconcern that sat on his face, his regular features (scarred though they were with the smallpox), his determined manner, self-reliant expression, and the way he held his head, all revealed the habits acquired through military discipline, of which a soldier can never quite divest himself, even after he has retired from service into private life.
The ministry said the equipment it offers is based on actual requirements and complies with set procurement procedures, and military officers and servicemen are needed to wear uniformed outfits for combat identification and to maintain military discipline.
Their prayers were simple and their penances were aimed at knightly vices and the preservation of military discipline.
The meeting also discussed issues of execution of the decree on spring conscription of citizens for military service in the army, strengthening military discipline, improving the logistics of power structures, and other issues.
The military discipline within the gendarmerie force will be eliminated when appointments are made by a political body such as the Interior Ministry," Dincer added.
VMI offers cadets strict military discipline combined with a spartan, physically and academically demanding environment.
Throughout the course they behaved in a manner which is compatible with military discipline and good order, the knowledge and experience gained supports a wide range of the units studied on their courses.
He said through military discipline, the youth will gain physical strength, endurance, knowledge, and spirit.
While their stories go against popular conceptions of brutal and unforgiving military discipline during WWI, the central question addressed in the study is the question of why some Canadian deserters faced the firing squad while others had their sentences commuted for similar crimes.

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