Military Frontier


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Military Frontier

 

(Serbo-Croatian, vojna krajina; German, Militargrenze), a region of the Hapsburg monarchy bordering on Turkey; it was governed by a military administration.

The Military Frontier included part of Croatia and southern Hungary. It existed as a separate region beginning in the early 19th century. Directly subordinated to the Austrian government, the Military Frontier was divided into generalates and regimental, company, and communal districts. Most of the inhabitants of the Military Frontier were Serbs and Croats and were called granicars. They received a plot of land from the government, in return for which they did military and civilian services and paid taxes. In 1873 the Military Frontier was demilitarized and placed under civilian administration; in 1881 it was abolished.

SOURCES

Hietzinger, C. B. Statistik der Militärgrenze des Österreichischen Kaiserthums, vols. 1-2. Vienna, 1817-23.

REFERENCES

Vaniček, F. Specialgeschichte der Militärgrenze aus Originalguellen und Quellenwerken geschöpft, vols. 1-4. Vienna, 1875.
Schwicker, J. H. Geschichte der Österreichischen Militärgrenze. Vienna, 1883.

I. I. LESHCHILOVSKAIA

References in periodicals archive ?
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The disclosures detail the private fears of both Washington and Beijing as they sought mastery of the new military frontier.
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In choosing this periodization, Alonso is able to discuss Chihuahua first as a military frontier against Apache raids, then as a developing economic and social frontier with the United States, and finally as a major area involved in the revolution against the government of Porfirio Diaz between 1910 and 1920.
Utley's Cavalier in Buckskin: George Armstrong Custer and the Western Military Frontier (1988).
Soldiers West: Biographies from the Military Frontier (1987), and Robert M.