Military Frontier

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Military Frontier


(Serbo-Croatian, vojna krajina; German, Militargrenze), a region of the Hapsburg monarchy bordering on Turkey; it was governed by a military administration.

The Military Frontier included part of Croatia and southern Hungary. It existed as a separate region beginning in the early 19th century. Directly subordinated to the Austrian government, the Military Frontier was divided into generalates and regimental, company, and communal districts. Most of the inhabitants of the Military Frontier were Serbs and Croats and were called granicars. They received a plot of land from the government, in return for which they did military and civilian services and paid taxes. In 1873 the Military Frontier was demilitarized and placed under civilian administration; in 1881 it was abolished.


Hietzinger, C. B. Statistik der Militärgrenze des Österreichischen Kaiserthums, vols. 1-2. Vienna, 1817-23.


Vaniček, F. Specialgeschichte der Militärgrenze aus Originalguellen und Quellenwerken geschöpft, vols. 1-4. Vienna, 1875.
Schwicker, J. H. Geschichte der Österreichischen Militärgrenze. Vienna, 1883.


References in periodicals archive ?
Perhaps the greatest recent discovery from the air are all these native settlements south of the Wall, showing just how well populated the military frontier was.
The book is organized around what key elements in the Welsh frontier paradigm: the border aristocracy, the nature of war and peace, the shape of the military frontier and its effects on society, the administration of the frontier zone, and the relation of frontier to state.
The disclosures detail the private fears of both Washington and Beijing as they sought mastery of the new military frontier.
This two-volume compendium rectifies the situation, combining the Newcastle findings with those done between 1959 and 1961 by Durham University to present a complete plan of the north-east part of the fort and of developments over a 300-year period of the Roman military frontier.
Planning documents state: "The archeological remains found are constituents of the Hadrian's Wall military frontier complex, a monument of international importance.
Larger than either Germany or Britain, it was designated by the last Chinese dynasty, the Qing (1644-1912), as a military frontier.
It is not thought now that the Dyke represented a military frontier.
Morning Twilight, on the other hand, envisages a redeployment to the so-called Purple Line, the de-facto military frontier.
The Hapsburgs settled them all along the dangerous border, the so-called Military Frontier.
Planning documents state: "The archeological remains found are constituents of Hadrian's Wall military frontier complex, a monument of international importance.
It may have worked as a military frontier when the Welsh controlled Amwythig (or Shrewsbury as the johnny come lately English know it), but the real issue is: what would this creation be able to do about the strategic services people want and need in the real world?
The uskoks of Senj were irregular soldiers of the Habsburg Military Frontier in the sixteenth century, who lived by warfare or banditry, depending on the occasion and the perspective, and acted from their Adriatic base at the borders of the Habsburg, Ottoman, and Venetian empires.