Militia Army

Militia Army

 

an army in which the military units in peace-time consist only of administrative personnel and a few commanding officers; the entire temporary rank and file and part of the command staff are attached to military units stationed in the region of their residence, and their military service consists of brief refresher training periods.

The prototypes of the militia army were the people’s militias in the period of the disintegration of the primitive communal system and the slaveholders’ militias in the early period of ancient Greece (until the middle of of the fifth century B.C.) and ancient Rome (until the late second century B.C.), which were called up only in wartime and for training. The same elements of the militia army can be found in the medieval city militias in Europe and in the bourgeois national guards of the 19th century in France (from 1789 to August 1871), Belgium, the Netherlands, Spain, and the USA (until the early 20th century). At the present time only Switzerland has a militia army.

In the 1920’s and 1930’s, in addition to regular army units, the USSR had territorial troops, which were formed on the territorial-militia principle of recruitment. Between 1935 and 1938 the armed forces went completely over to the regular army system.

References in periodicals archive ?
According to the books, Cersei Lannister will allow the new High Septon of the Faith of the Seven to raise the militia army that once formed a part of the faith but was later banned.
The mostly untrained NTC militia army has gradually tightened its stranglehold around Sirte in a chaotic struggle that has cost scores of lives and left thousands homeless.
Shiite Cleric Moqtada al-Sadr who heads the Sadr Movement which is part of Maliki's State of Law Coalition, announced in early April that he will reactivate his Mehdi militia army if U.
No self-respecting TV crew, safari convoy, or rag-tag militia army in the Middle East or Africa seems to be complete without a Toyota pick-up or Land Cruiser.
6 mm SIG Sturmgewehr 90 manufactured in Switzerland, the assault rifle commonly used by the nation's militia army.
The Finnish Militia Army of the Winter War and World War II, organized on a provincial basis, also performed well against a vastly larger Soviet force.