Millerite

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millerite

[′mil·ə‚rīt]
(mineralogy)
NiS A brass to bronze-yellow mineral that crystallizes in the hexagonal system and usually contains trace amounts of cobalt, copper, and iron; hardness is 3-3.5 on Mohs scale, and specific gravity is 5.5; it generally occurs in fine crystals, chiefly as nodules in clay ironstone. Also known as capillary pyrites; hair pyrites; nickel pyrites.

Millerite

 

(named after the British crystallographer W. Miller [1801–80]), a mineral of the sulfide class; nickel sulfide, NiS, containing 64.7 percent Ni and 35.3 percent S. Millerite crystallizes in the trigonal system, forming characteristic slender brass-yellow hairlike crystals. It also forms fibrous, radiating, and other kinds of aggregates. Millerite has a hardness of 3–4 on Mohs’ scale and a density of 5,200–5,600 kg/m3. It occurs rarely in nature, usually in hydrothermal ore veins in association with other Ni and Co sulfides and arsenides, which are contained in copper-nickel ores (in Noril’sk and Monchegorsk in the USSR). Millerite is also formed during the sur-face weathering of nickel-bearing ultrabasic rocks by acidic surface waters saturated with H2S.

REFERENCE

Mineraly: Spravochnik, vol. 1. Moscow, 1960.
References in periodicals archive ?
2) Dixon Wecter tells the story of Mark Twain's return to Hannibal in 1902, quoting the writer's typically wry delivery: "There is where the Millerites put on their robes one night to go up to heaven.
A more extreme group of Millerites transmogrified into Branch Davidians, many of whom met a gruesome fate in the fires that destroyed their compound in Waco, Texas, in 1993.
American Baptist Torbet mentioned the Millerites briefly but indexed no other related topic.
Larger currents of this opposition gave voice to a counter movement of exporters and prophets, some of whom helped to create denominations, such as the Millerites and the Campbellites; other anti-evangelical dissenters, such as the Mormons, launched separate religious movements altogether.
At the peak of his popularity an estimated 200 Protestant ministers and 50,000 laypeople could be identified as Millerites.
Like Camping's followers in 2011, the Millerites were a Christian sect who believed in a definitive 'Doomsday,' which in their case was October 22, 1844.
In the United States, ideas about the Apocalypse have a long legacy, dating back to prophecy beliefs held by Christopher Columbus and the Puritans, and to groups such as the Shakers, the Millerites and the Native American Ghost Dance movement, Wojcik said.
The Millerites, followers of Baptist layman William Miller, predicted the end of the world would be October 22, 1844 - the day later came to be known to followers as The Great Disappointment.
He also analyzes the role that theological language played in its articulation of the moral reform movement as God's cause (to be against the movement was to be in opposition to God and in league with Satan), particularly in light of the millennial fervor of the early 1840s when the Millerites reached their zenith.
It is said to be now fast receding both from the Sun & Earth, & is calculated to be about 96,000,000 of miles from the Earth & possessing a tail some 100,000,000 miles in length, so that if by any freak it should whisk its tail toward Mother Earth, a fine opportunity would offer for the Millerites to grasp it & thus go Heavenward unless so many got hold as to pull its nucleus or head from its orbit.
When the world did not end in 1843, as Miller predicted, his 50,000 supporters were lampooned in the press; several Millerites then founded other campaigns, including the Seventh-day Adventist Church and the Kellogg brothers' holistic health crusade.
By the Second Great Awakening some of the more rabid Millerites, Fineyites and other participants in this new form of piety are admitted to the Hartford Retreat where the first psychological diagnoses describe religious melancholy as a form of "religious insanity.