Senkaku Islands

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Senkaku Islands

(sĕn`käko͞o), small, uninhabited island group, 8 sq mi (20.7 sq km), Okinawa prefecture, extreme SW Japan, in the East China Sea. Located 90 mi (45 km) NNW of Ishigaki in the Ryukyu Islands, the group comprises five generally low-lying coral islands and scattered islets. Uotsuri-shima (2.5 mi/4 km long, 1 mi/1.6 km wide) is largest island. There are submarine oil deposits nearby. The islands, also known as the Pinnacle Islands and Diaoyu Islands, are claimed by China and Taiwan, and have been a source of regional tensions. Beginning in 2012 China repeatedly used ship and air traffic to challenge Japan's control of the sea and airspace surrounding the islands. In 2013 Japan and Taiwan signed an agreement that permits Taiwanese fishing in part of the exclusive economic zone around the islands.
References in periodicals archive ?
FILE - A group of disputed islands, Uotsuri island (top), Minamikojima (bottom) and Kitakojima, known as Senkaku in Japan and Diaoyu in China is seen in the East China Sea, in this photo taken by Kyodo September 2012.
Three Chinese maritime vessels moved into the waters near Minamikojima, one of the five main islands of the Japanese-controlled Senkaku group at around 6:30 a.
According to the Japan Times, two of the ships sailed into Japanese waters southeast of the islands of Kubajima, and the other two followed suit east of Minamikojima, the coast guard said.
Shintaro Ishihara announces plan to buy three of the islands -- Uotsuri, Kitakojima, Minamikojima -- from a private owner.
The three islands in question, Uotsurijima, Minamikojima and Kitakojima, as they are known in Japanese, or Diaoyudao, Nanxiaodao and Beixiaodao, as they are known in Chinese, mean the same innocuous things in both languages: "fishing island," "southern small island," and "northern small island" respectively, an indication of their historical irrelevance.
Currently, the only known short-tailed albatross breeding colonies are located on two remote Japanese islands in the western Pacific -- Torishima Island and Minamikojima Island.
According to the Japan Times, the government has attempted to justify the nationalization of Uotsuri, Kitakojima and Minamikojima in the Senkaku chain by portraying the move as necessary to block hawkish Tokyo Governor Shintaro Ishihara's plan to purchase the islands from a Saitama businessman.
Japan is now at the final stage of reaching a deal to buy three islands, Uotsuri, Kitakojima and Minamikojima, from their private owners by the end of September to make the country's ownership clear.
According to the Japan Times, the government's purchase of the Uotsuri, Kitakojima and Minamikojima Islands, has irked China and Taiwan, which also claim the East China Sea territory.
The 25 members, including metropolitan government officials, a real estate appraiser and marine policy researchers, are not permitted to land on the islets of Uotsuri, Kitakojima and Minamikojima.