Minangkabau

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Minangkabau

 

a people inhabiting western and central Sumatra and a number of other regions in Indonesia and in Malaysia. In 1973 their number was estimated at more than 4 million. The language of the Minangkabau, which is similar to Indonesian, belongs to the Malayo-Polynesian language family. The Minangkabau are Muslims. Many of the peoples of Sumatra are racially related to the Minangkabau. An early feudal principality existed among the Minangkabau in the 13th century. In the first half of the 19th century, the Minangkabau resisted the Dutch conquest. Their chief occupation is wet rice cultivation and, since the early 20th century, the raising of industrial crops, such as rubber. Livestock breeding and handicrafts are also important. Capitalist relations are well developed, although communal living and many features of the matrilineal clan system have survived. The Minangkabau play an active role in the political and cultural life of Indonesia.

REFERENCES

Narody Iugo-Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow, 1966. (Bibliography.)

IU. V. MARETIN

References in periodicals archive ?
The operation is simple," said Daniel Minang, "businessmen or entrepreneurs come into the office and, as needed, the right technician helps them.
McCall and Minang (2005) stated the importance of participatory mapping in community-based natural-resource management.
The recent development in PPGIS applications have underlined that linking PPGIS in development proposals has great potential to integrate local and expert knowledge for democratic decision making (McCall and Minang 2005, Weiner and Harris 1999, Kwaku Kyem and Saku 2009).
In answer to my question about the music's origin, I am told that it is not Minang music, but music of the Tumon Dayak.
The Tumon Dayak live at the headwaters and upper reaches of the Lamandau River, especially along the Delang, Batang Kawi (Batang is Bahasa Minang for 'river'), and Belantikan tributaries.
Descent is traced patrilineally, not matrilineally, and Minang men marry late because they go on rantau (traditional travel prior marriage) in order to earn enough money to marry.
For the Minang these three colors are symbolically significant.
This is similar to Minang depictions of naga from the pre-Islamic period, examples of which can be seen at the National Museum Jakarta.
The Tumon call themselves Tumon Dayak, but claim to be descendants of the well-known West Sumatran Minangkabau cultural hero, Datuk Parpatih Nan Sabatang, called by both the Minang and the Tumon "Parpatih" or "Perpatih" for short.
The most persuasive evidence of a Minang origin is the language of the Tumon.
For the Minang, yellow symbolizes greatness, nobility and honor; red symbolizes courage and steadfastness; and black, leadership and stalwartness (Z et al.
Some ornaments resemble rather well those applied to the walls of traditional Minangkabau houses or to ritually used Minang cloth.