Minangkabau


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Minangkabau

 

a people inhabiting western and central Sumatra and a number of other regions in Indonesia and in Malaysia. In 1973 their number was estimated at more than 4 million. The language of the Minangkabau, which is similar to Indonesian, belongs to the Malayo-Polynesian language family. The Minangkabau are Muslims. Many of the peoples of Sumatra are racially related to the Minangkabau. An early feudal principality existed among the Minangkabau in the 13th century. In the first half of the 19th century, the Minangkabau resisted the Dutch conquest. Their chief occupation is wet rice cultivation and, since the early 20th century, the raising of industrial crops, such as rubber. Livestock breeding and handicrafts are also important. Capitalist relations are well developed, although communal living and many features of the matrilineal clan system have survived. The Minangkabau play an active role in the political and cultural life of Indonesia.

REFERENCES

Narody Iugo-Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow, 1966. (Bibliography.)

IU. V. MARETIN

References in periodicals archive ?
Balinese of Bali; the Minangkabau, Bataks and Aehnese of Sumatra; the coastal Malays (Dayaks) of Borneo (Kalimantan); and the Macassarese-Buginese of Sulawesi.
Benda-Beckmann, K von (1984) The broken stairways to consensus: Village justice and state courts in Minangkabau, KITLV Verhandelingen 106 (Dordrecht, Foris)
The city's Minangkabau International Airport, which suffered some damage, was reopened to commercial flights Thursday morning after being closed soon after the quake.
Toraja, Prambanan and Borobudur monuments, Yogyakarta and Minangkabau are popular destinations for cultural tourism.
Five papers explore ethno- and socio-linguistic topics, including the Minangkabau Pasambahan, media response to terrorism, negotiation discourse, bilingualism, and the status of foreign languages.
As with matriliny elsewhere, for example, the Minangkabau (see Webs of Power: Women, Kin and Community in a Sumatran Village by Evelyn Blackwood.
The recordings Campbell donated include examples from the following genres: pop music, gamelan, dangdut (popular music with an emphatic beat), keroncong (a style derived from Portuguese songs), angklung (a West Javan bamboo instrument that is shaken), and regional and folk music (Sundanese, Minangkabau, Batak and Javanese).
Indonesia is also famous for its culture, in Indonesia, there are many traditional dances, such as Minangkabau dancing from Sulawesi and Reog Ponorogo from East Java.
12: ``Walk in Splendor: Ceremonial Dress of the Minangkabau of Indonesia,'' UCLA Fowler Museum of Cultural Art.