Minas Gerais


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Minas Gerais

(mē`nəs zhərīs`) [Port.,=various mines], state (1996 pop. 16,660,691), 226,707 sq mi (587,171 sq km), E Brazil. The capital is Belo HorizonteBelo Horizonte
[Port.,=beautiful horizon], city (1996 pop. 2,091,770), capital of Minas Gerais state, E Brazil. The distribution and processing center of a rich agricultural and mining region, Belo Horizonte is the nucleus of a burgeoning industrial complex; its chief industries
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. Minas Gerais continues to produce more than half of Brazil's mineral wealth. Gold was discovered at the end of the 17th cent. and was mined extensively. The state has long led the country in iron-ore mining and steel production. In the mid-1990s, Minas Gerais, with its low land and labor costs and inexpensive power, experienced the highest industrial growth in South America, making its economy in Brazil second only to São Paulo. Numerous expansion programs have been pursued in the automobile, mining, and manufacturing sectors. Agriculture and livestock also are important to the state's economy.

Minas Gerais

 

a state in southeastern Brazil. Area, 587,200 sq km; population, 11.5 million (1970). Administrative center, Belo Horizonte.

Minas Gerais is one of Brazil’s most economically developed and thickly settled states. Its economy is based on mining and ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy. Between 80 and 90 percent of the country’s gold and diamond mining and nearly all mining of iron ore, bauxite, and graphite are concentrated in Minas Gerais. Some two-fifths of Brazil’s steel, one-half of its metallic zinc, over three-fifths of its aluminum, three-quarters of its ferroalloys, and 100 percent of its nickel are produced there. Metal-working and machine-building, as well as the petrochemical, cement, textile, and food-processing industries, have been developed in Minas Gerais. Coffee, sugarcane, tobacco, citrus fruits, and cereal grains are grown. Livestock raising is carried on; in 1970 there were 21 million head of cattle.

Minas Gerais

an inland state of E Brazil: situated on the high plateau of the Brazilian Highlands; large reserves of iron ore and manganese. Capital: Belo Horizonte. Pop.: 18 343 517 (2002). Area: 587 172 sq. km (226 707 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
In 2006, he was reelected by a landslide to a second term, with over 77 percent of the votes, the biggest share of votes ever won by a governor in Minas Gerais.
Dysschema sacrifica (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae) at Diamantina, Minas Gerais State, Brazil: Upper left.
In practical terms, this means gaining market access to the growing "sustainability market segment" and strengthening the demand for coffee from Minas Gerais, without additional costs for the farmers.
About EPAMIG The Agricultural Research Company of Minas Gerais ("EPAMIG") was created as a public company in 1974.
This species is endemic to Minas Gerais state near the border with Bahia state.
Type: Brasil, Estado Minas Gerais, without exact locality, growing on flat rocks leg E.
Gilman Viana Rodrigues, State Secretary for Agriculture, Animal Farming and Supplies and Jose Carlos Carvalho, State Secretary for Environment and Sustainable Development and a number of officials and company representatives from Minas Gerais also accompanied the delegation to facilitate networking between businesses specialising in furniture, fashion goods (textile, clothing, shoes, swim wear), construction, food industry, water purifier, and electrical and mechanical machinery.
This work was funded by Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Minas Gerais, Coordenacao de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior, and Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq).
In these chapters, Kiddy traces the continuities and changes affecting the brotherhoods of the rosary from the 1690s to the end of the Brazilian empire in 1889, looking at how national and regional economic, political, and demographic changes affected the composition, role, and influence of the brotherhoods in Minas Gerais.
Licentious Liberty" in a Brazilian Gold-Mining Region: Slavery, Gender and Social Control in Eighteenth-Century Sabara, Minas Gerais (University Park, PA, 1999).
With people now accustomed to flying rather than heading down dusty roads, tourism development has received a boost, particularly in Belo Horizonte in Minas Gerais state following improvements at Tancredo Neves International Airport.
But governments in the region will need to set aside more protected areas and simultaneously curtail forest clearance by private landowners to prevent substantial deforestation, say researchers led by Britaldo Silveira Soares-Filho of the Federal University of Minas Gerais in Belo Horizonte, Brazil.