Minelayer


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Minelayer

 

a warship with the mission of laying minefields near one’s own bases, ports, bays, and shores for defensive purposes, as well as near the shores and on the communication lines of the enemy to inflict losses on him. The forerunners of the modern minelayers were the mine depot ships Bug andDunai, which were built in Russia in the late 19th century upon the initiative of Admiral S. O. Makarov.

Minelayers may be surface vessels or submarines. Surface minelayers are divided into sea and river types; they may be either ships especially built to lay mines or reequipped civilian transport ships. As a rule they carry out their mission under the cover of other warships of the fleet, coastal artillery batteries, and fighter aviation. Minelayers are armed with artillery, mainly antiaircraft artillery, special equipment, and devices for the loading, storage, preparation, and laying of a large number of different types of modern mines. The water displacement of minelayers is between 300 and 8,000 tons, and their speed is between 10 and 20 knots (18 to 37 km/hr). A submarine minelayer is either a conventional large submarine or a partially reequipped one. It is used mainly to lay mines near enemy coastlines. Mines are laid by torpedo tubes and, on specially equipped ships, with mine pipes or shafts. The first attempt to build a submarine minelayer was undertaken by M. P. Naletov in 1904; the first submarine minelayer, the Krab, was built according to his plans in 1912 and commissioned in 1915.

References in periodicals archive ?
Similarly, after mid-1941, almost every Axis port in the Mediterranean received some attention from RAF aerial minelayers, often in conjunction with bombing raids.
According to Michael Gunton, at the beginning of the Second World War the British had 69 submarines at their disposal, 6 of which were minelayers and 33 of which had been built before 1935.
Most of the ships previously used--namely, three 1,320-ton Niels Juel-class corvettes, four 1,880-ton Falster-class minelayers, and 10 260-ton Willemoes-class fast attack craft--will be withdrawn from service.
Along with two other officers, Sgt Prosser took off on December 16 1940, to act as an escort for minelayers, but tragically their plane crashed into the sea.
The fleet was rounded out by an assortment of gunboats, sloops, minelayers and various auxiliaries.
The objectives are to determine the force responsible for the contamination, reasons for mining, date and age of the ammunition, capabilities and characteristics of ordnance, and skills of the minelayers in order to determine proper clearing operations.
During World War I, she escorted transatlantic convoys and then joined the British fleet to spend the war patrolling the North Sea for U-boats and protecting minelayers.
Sea mines can be laid by almost any vehicle, from dedicated minelayers to aircraft, submarines, pleasure boats, or fishing vessels.
If China decides that Ming- and Romeo-class boats have continued value as minelayers or as bait or decoy submarines that can be used to draw out enemy submarines (such as U.