Mingrelia

Mingrelia

(mĭn-grē`lēə), lowland region, W Georgia, bordering the Black Sea. Tea and grapes are the chief products. Poti is the main port. The ColchisColchis
, ancient country on the eastern shore of the Black Sea and in the Caucasus region. Centered about the fertile valley of the Phasis River (the modern Rion), Colchis corresponds to the present-day region of Mingrelia in Georgia.
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 of the ancients, Mingrelia was a vassal principality (with Zugdidi as capital) under the Ottoman Empire. It was annexed to Russia in 1803. The Mingrelians (also called Megrelians) are closely related in culture and language to the Georgians.
References in periodicals archive ?
Another strategic task is to set up support fund for the social and economic development of the regions near the conflict zones, in Mingrelia (northwest Georgia) and Shida Kartli [central Georgia bordering North Ossetia]," he said
Ossetian and Abkhazian conflicts (not to mention the civil war that was conducted in Gamsakhurdia's home-region of Mingrelia following his ousting in January 1992) might have been avoided with the result that Georgia might have proceeded to peaceful and prosperous independence with no shrinkage of borders.
As there were Russian-language schools during Soviet times in Mingrelia, it can be concluded that not all Mingrelians will necessarily be fluent in Georgian, though most probably are; however, by no means all ethnic Mingrelians know Mingrelian, as many were brought up in a purely Georgian-speaking environment.
It was presumed that Iran might support insurgencies in Kurdistan along the proposed route of the BTC pipeline, following the example of the Russian government, which likely incited unrest in Georgia's Mingrelia region shortly before the final decision by the countries involved that the BTC project would indeed be realized in 1998.