Minusinsk Basin

Minusinsk Basin

 

(also Khakass-Minusinsk Basin), the southern part of the vast intermontane Minusinsk Depression in southern Krasnoiarsk Krai. It is bounded on the south by the Zapadnyi Saian, on the west by the Abakan Range, on the north by spurs of Kuznetskii Alatau, and on the east by spurs of the Vostochnyi Saian. The terrain consists mainly of ridgy plains, divided by valleys. Elevations range from 200–300 to 700 m. The basement of the plain and some low-mountain massifs are composed of slate, sandstone, conglomerate, marl, and limestone, as well as tuff, porphyrite, and syenite of the Paleozoic, which in the more low-lying areas are covered with loam, loess, and sandy loam.

The climate is continental and, in places, arid. Average January temperatures range from—16° to—20.5°C, and June temperatures range from 18.2° to 19.6°C. In winter the temperature may drop to—52°C, and in summer it occasionally rises to 45°C. The growing season is 150–160 days. The central part of the basin receives 240–270 mm of precipitation annually, and the periphery, up to 450–500 mm; nearly two-thirds of the precipitation occurs in summer. The largest rivers are the Enisei and its tributaries, the Abakan, Oia, and Tuba. There are many fresh-water and salt lakes, including Tagarskoe and Solenoe. The soils and plant cover of the central part differ from those of the periphery. Rocky, four-grass, wormwood-feather grass, and feather grass-oat grass steppes are well developed in the more low-lying areas of the central part of the basin. They include the Abakan, Uibatskaia and Koibaly steppes, growing on chestnut soils and southern chernozems. Along the periphery, common and leached chernozems and gray forest soils support grass-meadow steppes alternating with groves of birch, Siberian larch, and occasionally pine and aspen. The basin is one of the most important agricultural regions in the mountains of Southern Siberia. The arable soils have been plowed up, and fruit and melon growing are well developed. Stock raising for meat and milk and horse breeding are also important. Mineral deposits include iron ore and coal. In the early 1970’s the large Saian territorial-production complex was under construction, including machine-building and chemical enterprises and hydroelectric power stations.

REFERENCES

Mikhailov, N. I. Gory luzhnoi Sibiri. Moscow, 1961.
Krasnoiarskii krai: Prirodnoe i ekonomiko-geograficheskoe raionirovanie. Krasnoiarsk, 1962.
Sredniaia Sibir’. Moscow, 1964.
Koliago, S. A. Pravoberezh’e Minusinskoi vpadiny. Leningrad, 1967.

M. V. KIRILLOV

References in periodicals archive ?
5 mn tons, 3 open-cast sites at the Irkutsk basin with total reserves of 567 mn tons of grade D and G steam coals; 2 areas at the Minusinsk basin with total open-cast reserves of 1.
Keywords: Bronze Age, Siberia, Minusinsk Basin, Andronovo culture, Karasuk culture, burial mounds, horses, pastoralism
The Minusinsk Basin includes the middle valley of the Yenisei River and the upper valley of the river Chulym (Figures 1 & 2).
Six settlement sites of the Andronovo period have been identified and investigated in the Minusinsk Basin.
From that we can assume that the Andronovo tradition remained stronger in peripheral areas that were isolated from 'population centres' concentrated on the banks of the Yenisei in the mid-section of the Minusinsk Basin.
Cists built as a pit faced with stone slabs (and covered with one or more stone slabs) remain the most widespread type in all areas of the Minusinsk Basin (Figure 7: 2).
Slab stone cists (FD) are the most represented type in all areas of the Minusinsk Basin.
At this time, the Minusinsk Basin became a production centre for prestige objects that were distributed widely inside and outside the region (Legrand 2004: 143-4).
This paper studies the sequence of the Tagar culture in the Minusinsk basin in southern Siberia.
A great number of bronze cauldrons on conical bases have also been found in the Minusinsk Basin.
On the whole, the works of art from the Minusinsk Basin provide convincing evidence that the content and mode of execution was superior to those found on objects of arts of the neighbouring areas.
The continuity of culture from the preceding Karasuk period and throughout the first millennium BCE implies that the people of the Minusinsk basin were undergoing development of their own rather than pressure from immigrants.