Miscanthus


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Miscanthus

 

a genus of perennial herbaceous plants of the family Gramineae. The long, flat leaves are broadly linear. The paired spikelets are single-flowered, surrounded by long white or pinkish silver hairs, and gathered into fan-shaped apical panicles. There are about 25 species, distributed from tropical and southern Africa to East and Southeast Asia. In the USSR three species—Miscanthus sacchariflorus, M. purpurascens, and M. sinensis—are found in the southern Far East, Sakhalin, and the Kuril Islands. The plants can be used as forage for livestock (before flowering) and for silage. The stems can be woven, and the roots can be used to make brushes. The plants are grown as ornamentals and are used in dried bouquets.

References in periodicals archive ?
As well as providing fuel for biomass, it is believed that miscanthus may help improve soils after extensive flooding.
Using a simulation tool that models the future global climate, researchers predict that the carbon that is released into the atmosphere from the loss of natural vegetation will be paid back by Miscanthus x giganteus within 30 years.
s senior bioenergy consultant, said, "Bioenergy feedstock processors require security for supply and unless we dealt with regeneration and planting issues for Miscanthus, we simply couldn't make progress.
The king of grasses, however, is miscanthus, which can grow to over 4m (13ft) high depending on the variety.
Don't expect your Miscanthus car to look like a thatched hut, though.
The range of beautiful Miscanthus is very large and they would look good long after the wild flowers have died away.
In contrast biogas from waste sources, and heating pellets produced from Miscanthus, are 10 times more effective, said the Bangor University scientists.
Miscanthus sinensis 'Gold Bar' is a compact, clump-forming grass with attractive variegated foliage, the green blades shooting upright and striped with gold.
Miscanthus are sent by Quinns in pellet, chip and bale form for testing in Britain in the hope that the new plant will incorporate the crop into its briquettes.
Scientists at the Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences (IBERS), a world-class research centre at Aberystwyth University, developed the first high density genetic map of the energy crop Miscanthus ('elephant grass').
All of this underscores that there will probably be a number of different sources for biomass fuel--including dedicated energy crops (such as Miscanthus and switchgrass), crop wastes and waste woods.
Best of the Bunch Miscanthus How did we miss out on these superb grasses for so many years?