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(mētēlyē`nyē) or


(mĭtĭlē`nē), city (1991 pop. 24,953), capital of Lesbos prefecture, E Greece, a port on the island of LesbosLesbos
or Lésvos
, island (1991 pop. 87,151), c.630 sq mi (1,630 sq km), E Greece, in the Aegean Sea near Turkey. A fertile island, it has vast olive groves and also produces wheat, wine, and citrus fruit.
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 in the Aegean Sea. Roman remains are there.



a city in Greece, the chief port of the island of Lesvos (Lesbos) in the Aegean Sea. Population, 23,400 (1971). Local products include olive oil, wine, tobacco, textile goods, leather, and soap; fruit is grown mainly for export.

Called Mytilene in antiquity, the city was a major polis, or city-state. In 493 B.C., during the Greco-Persian wars, it was captured by the Persians. Mytilene joined the Delian League after 478–477. In 428 the citizens of Mytilene rose up against Athenian hegemony. Athens cruelly punished Mytilene; 1,000 people were executed, the city’s walls were razed, part of its territory was confiscated for settlement by some 3,000 Athenian cleruchs (lot holders), and Mytilene’s fleet was handed over to Athens. The city declined during the period of Hellenism and revived only in the period of the early Roman Empire. Mytilene was the birthplace of the poets Alcaeus and Sappho.

References in periodicals archive ?
A recent evaluation of the association between intake of green tea and blood glucose levels in a sample of elderly adults from Cyprus, Mitilini and Samothraki islands (n = 542, aged 65-100 years) revealed that moderate tea consumption (1-2 cps/day) was associated with 88% (95% CI 76-98%) lower odds of having diabetes among non-obese participants, irrespective of age, sex, smoking, physical activity status, dietary habits and other clinical characteristics (Polychronopoulus et al.
The Greek Aegean island, sometimes known as Mitilini, is a revered locale for lesbians because the homoerotic poet Sappho was born there and hosted a school for women on the island 2,600 years ago.
CY and Royal Holidays signed the deal for flights to Greek destinations including Santorini, Mitilini, Corfu, Crete, Mykonos, Kos, Skiathos, Samos, Alexandroupolis, Kavala, Rhodes and Karpathos and international destinations like Prague, Venice, Rome and Sharm el-Sheikh.