Muravskii, Mitrofan Danilovich
Born 1838, in the village of Gorlovka, present-day Donetsk Oblast; died November 1879. Russian revolutionary Narodnik (Populist), of gentry origin.
Muravskii studied at the Universities of Kharkov (1854–58) and Kiev (1859–60). He was one of the founders of the Kharkov-Kiev Secret Society in 1856 and was arrested in Kiev in 1860 with other members of the society. Exiled first to Birsk and then to Orenburg, Muravskii continued his revolutionary propagandistic activity. Arrested again in 1862, he was sentenced in 1863 to eight years at hard labor. He served his term at the Nerchinsk penal colony. He left for his place of forced exile in 1868, organized Populist circles in the Urals, took part in the “going to the people” movement in the early 1870’s, and was arrested in 1874. Muravskii was one of the principal defendants in the Trial of the 193 (1877–78) and was sentenced to ten years at hard labor. He died in Novoborisoglebsk Central Prison in Kharkov Province.
REFERENCESKoz’min, B. “M. D. Muravskii v Khar’kovskom tainom obshchestve 1856–1858.” Katorga i ssylka, 1928, no. 4.
Obshchestvenno-politicheskoe dvizhenie na Ukraine v 1856–1862 gg. Kiev, 1963.
Orlova. S. A. M. D. Muravskii v revoliutsionnom dvizhenii 60–70-kh gg. 19 v. Perm’, 1973. (Dissertation abstract.)