Moabite stone


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Moabite stone

(mō`əbīt'), ancient slab of stone erected in 850 B.C. by King MeshaMesha
, in the Bible. 1 King of Moab contemporary with Ahab. Ahab was his overlord, after whose death Mesha attempted a revolt against Israel. The account of this is inscribed on the Moabite stone. 2 Son of Caleb.
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 of MoabMoab
, ancient nation located in the uplands E of the Dead Sea, now part of Jordan. The area is unprotected from the east, hence its history is a chain of raids by the Bedouin.
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; it contains a long inscription commemorating a victory in his revolt against Israel. It was discovered at Dibon, Jordan (1868), by F. A. Klein, a German clergyman. Although it was later broken when Klein tried to purchase it, most of the fragments were recovered. They are in the Louvre. The language of the Moabites is a Phoenician dialect that represents an early form of Hebrew.
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The decision to use the Moabite Stone as a text sample is justified in terms of the language of the text (p.