Mochica

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Mochica:

see MocheMoche
or Mochica
, ancient Native American civilization on the coast of N Peru. Previously called Early Chimu (see Chimu), the Moche were warriors with a highly developed social and political organization.
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Mochica

 

an ancient civilization that existed on the northern coast of present-day Peru (valleys of the Chicama, Viru, Santa, and Nepeña rivers) from the beginning of the Common Era to the eighth century. Mochica was centered on the lower course of the Moche River (hence the name “Mochica”); two giant stepped structures, known as the Temple of the Sun and the Temple of the Moon, dominate the site. The Mochica civilization is known for its highly artistic sculptured and painted pottery. The sculptured pottery had modeled representations of animals, deities, and human faces. The painted pottery was executed in red, white, and black and was primarily devoted to mythological subjects and war scenes. Metalworking was known; gold, silver, and copper were used primarily for making ornaments. The economy of the Mochica Indians was based on irrigation farming. The civilization attained the level of a class society in its development.

REFERENCES

Narody Ameriki, vol. 2. Moscow, 1959.
Kinzhalov, R. V. “Den’ v stolitse drevnikh mochika.” Sovetskaia etnografiia, 1967, no. 6.
Bashilov, V. A. Drevnie tsivilizatsii Peru i Bolivii. Moscow, 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
De ahi se derivo el calificativo de moche, Invento de los mismos diputados que ya se convirtio en verguenza nacional y desprecio del Poder Legislativo.
Con los moches, la humanizacion del felino llega a su maxima expresion, perfeccionandose como divinidad, y transformandose "en la imagen de principal veneracion del pueblo mochica" (Larco 2001 [1939]:272).
La cultura Moche o Mochica se desarrollo en la costa norte del Peru entre los siglos I y IX de nuestra era.
Aunque algunos sustentaron la tesis del monoteismo moche (cf.
Este dios se encuentra representado, por ejemplo, en diferentes espacios arquitectonicos del Templo Viejo de la Huaca de la Luna (Figuras 1 y 2), en el valle de Moche, y del Templo de Cao Viejo, en el valle de Chicama.
Sin embargo, segun Waldemar Espinoza, la presencia mochica en el valle de Moche se reduciria a una "insignificante agrupacion de mitimas mochicas" (Espinoza 1975:248).
Ambos, Larco (2001 [1939]) y Rostworowski (2000) consideran de manera implicita y explicita que Aiapaec es un dios moche y chimu, es decir, un dios que ha tenido vigencia en la ideologia norcostena, por lo menos desde inicios de nuestra era hasta el siglo XVII, ya en epoca colonial.
Me gusta ver sus caras y su interes por conocer mas de la cultura moche.
Portrait heads, as Well as full body portraits, depict the Moche citizenry with exacting detail.
We talked about how the Moche potters included items in the hands of the portrait pots that told of their status.
Students learn to appreciate the skill and the Craftsmanship of the Moche potters through the construction process.
La cultura Moche, que florecio durante mas de 700 anos en el norte peruano, desaparecio hacia el siglo VII de nuestra era como consecuencia de los estragos ocasionados por El Nino, segun creen varios historiadores peruanos.