Dutch language

(redirected from Modern Dutch)
Also found in: Acronyms.

Dutch language,

member of the West Germanic group of the Germanic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Germanic languagesGermanic languages,
subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages, spoken by about 470 million people in many parts of the world, but chiefly in Europe and the Western Hemisphere.
..... Click the link for more information.
). Also called Netherlandish, it is spoken by about 15 million inhabitants of the Netherlands, where it is the national language, and by about 300,000 people in the Western Hemisphere. The written and spoken forms of Dutch differ significantly. For example, written Dutch exhibits far greater formality than spoken Dutch in both grammar and vocabulary. One reason for this divergence is that written Dutch evolved from the Flemish dialect spoken in the culturally advanced Flanders and Brabant of the 15th cent., whereas modern spoken Dutch grew out of the vernacular of the province of Holland, which became dominant after the 16th cent. (see Flemish languageFlemish language,
member of the West Germanic group of the Germanic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Germanic languages). Generally regarded as the Belgian variant of Dutch (see Dutch language) rather than as a separate tongue, Flemish is spoken by
..... Click the link for more information.
). Also, written Dutch is relatively uniform, while the spoken language has a number of dialects as well as an official standard form. The Roman alphabet is used for Dutch, and the earliest existing texts in the language go back to the late 12th cent. Among the words with which Dutch has enriched the English vocabulary are: brandy, cole slaw, cookie, cruiser, dock, easel, freight, landscape, spook, stoop, and yacht. Dutch is noteworthy as the language of an outstanding literature, but it also became important as the tongue of an enterprising people, who, though comparatively few in number, made their mark on the world community through trade and empire.

Bibliography

See C. B. van Haeringen, Netherlandic Language Research (2d ed. 1960); W. Z. Shetter, An Introduction to Dutch (3d ed. 1968); B. C. Donaldson, Dutch: A Linguistic History of Holland and Belgium (1983).

References in periodicals archive ?
The modern Dutch hooligans set up battles via the Internet and a mobile phone network.
838), has, according to several critics, brought Mulisch closer to recognition by means of a Nobel Prize in Literature than any other modern Dutch novelist.
The building is considered to mark the beginning of modern Dutch architecture.
Van Nierop, Professor of early modern History at the University of Amsterdam, has dedicated his career to investigating the transition of the medieval northern Low Countries to the Early Modern Dutch Republic.
While the meals may not have always been fancy in the early days of pioneer heritage, modern Dutch oven cooking combines the best of the old- fashioned cooking with unique, modern flavors.
Rhetoric, Rhetoricians, and Poets is a collection of the writings of Marijke Spies, a distinguished scholar at the Vrije Universteit in Amsterdam who specializes in early modern Dutch literature.
In doing this, I draw your attention to the roots of the so-called theory of sphere sovereignty, to save Abraham Kuyper from becoming a mythical figure and to place him and his slogans in the historical context that made him the miracle man of modern Dutch history.
The bulk of Roberts' evidence comes from letters preserved in the three families' archives, supplemented by a number of popular early modern Dutch moralistic and medical advice manuals.
The subtle distortion of the relationship between "traditional reality" and fictional reality, between fictional characters and the reader, the impossibility, in other words, of the identification or equation of the empirical and the fictional world, is responsible for the irony which characterizes Meijsing's fiction and elevates it (more than) a cut above the work of the average modern Dutch protest writer.
Puzzled at why 17th-century Dutch devotional literature did not have the simple illustrations that abound in English analogues, Stronks (early modern Dutch literature, Utrecht U.
Veronica has a long and storied history in modern Dutch media.
Modern Dutch translations of the original Latin are presented in parallel text format in this edition of works published by van Nijmegen between 1520 and 1542.