modern pentathlon

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modern pentathlon

an athletic contest consisting of five different events: horse riding with jumps, fencing with electric ?p?e, freestyle swimming, pistol shooting, and cross-country running

Pentathlon, Modern

 

a sports contest involving five events: namely, a steeplechase, fencing with épées (bouts are fought until the first touch with each participant in the competition), rapid-fire shooting from a small-caliber pistol (20 shots in four series), swimming (300-m freestyle), and a cross-country race over broken terrain (4,000 m for adults and 3,000 m for juniors). Competitions are held over a period of five days with one event per day. The overall final rankings of the participants are determined by the sum of the points received in each event.

Composite sports events applying skills and abilities necessary for a soldier have been known since ancient times, for example, the pentathlon in the ancient Greek Olympic Games. During the second half of the 19th century in Sweden, and subsequently in other countries, competitions were held in a military pentathlon—a sports contest reflecting the essence of an officer’s military training; the events included horseback riding, fencing, shooting, swimming, and running. In 1912 a form of military pentathlon developed by P. de Courbetin was included in the Olympic Games. Until 1948 only officer-athletes were allowed to take part in competitions.

The current name for this composite event was acquired in 1948, when the International Pentathlon Union (Union Internationale de Pentathlon Moderne et Biathlon, UIPMB) was founded in London. In 1974 the UIPMB united 44 national federations.

Since 1949 world championships in the pentathlon have been held every year, except in the years of Olympic Games. Since 1965 annual competitions have been held for juniors as well. In the USSR the first pentathlon competitions were held in 1947, and national championships have been held every year since 1953. In 1952 the pentathlon was included in the Uniform All-Union Sports Classification, and the USSR Federation of the Modern Pentathlon was established, becoming a member of the UIPMB that same year. In 1974 about 5,000 athletes in the USSR were engaged in the pentathlon, including approximately 250 masters of sports, as well as 38 honored masters of sports and honored coaches.

The pentathlon has attained its greatest development in Hungary, the USSR, Sweden, the USA, Finland, France, Italy, the Federal Republic of Germany, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Rumania, and Bulgaria. At the Olympic Games the individual championship has been won nine times by the pentathletes of Sweden and three times by those of Hungary. The team championship (established in 1952) has been won three times each by athletes from Hungary and the USSR. At the world championships, USSR pentathletes have won nine individual and nine team championships; the Hungarians have won seven individual and seven team championships; and the Swedes have won four individual and four team championships. Among the world champions are the Soviet athletes I. A. Novikov, K. P. Sal’nikov, E. S. Sdobnikov, B. G. Onishchenko, and P. S. Lednev. L. Hall (Sweden) and A. Balczó (Hungary) have won the world and Olympic championships several times.

Since the 1970’s modern pentathlon contests for women have been organized in the USSR, France, Austria, Great Britain, and other countries.

O. I. CHUVILIN

References in periodicals archive ?
5) It was also obvious that the modern pentathlete, as an all-round sportsman, was not capable of the performance standard of the sport discipline's top-ranked specialized athlete.
Reddy made her winning move during the eighth mile and Kelly, a former modern pentathlete in the U.
Amino Vital(R) Endurance is used not only by top endurance athletes and athletic teams such as world-ranked modern pentathlete and 2008 Olympic hopeful Sheila Taormina and the Kelly Benefits Strategies/Medifast Pro Cycling Team, but also by elite athletes and teams such as the ArenaBowl XX Champion Chicago Rush.
Walliams paid tribute to the hard work of Wolverhampton University research fellow Whyte, a former Olympic modern pentathlete who gave nine months of his time to help the 34-year-old prepare for thearduous, ten-hour swim.
American modern pentathlete Michael Gostigian, on the precarious position of his sport in the Games.
They were accompanied by gold medal rowing Paralympian David Smith and modern pentathlete Mhairi Spence.
Sponsored by Johnson & Johnson Vision Care, Independents Night guests will be entertained by physiologist professor Greg Whyte, a former double Olympian and modern pentathlete.
A highly accomplished Modern Pentathlete himself, Bouzou has participated in four Olympic Games (Moscow 1980, Los Angeles 1984, Seoul 1988 and Barcelona 1992) winning a bronze medal during the 1984 Games and the World Championship title in Modern Pentathlon in 1987.
Modern pentathlete Livingston reached made it on to the rostrum at the Hungarian Indoor Championships with a strong finish in the combined run and shoot section.
We're chatting in Liverpool's Hilton Hotel, ahead of a serious day of work - John is about to set off with his trainer (former international modern pentathlete Professor Greg Whyte, from Liverpool John Moores University, who trained David Walliams to swim across the English Channel) on his first ever marathon run.
Synchronised swimmer Jenna Randall, Water Polo player Vicki Hawkins, Rosie Morris and Frankie Snell, Artistic Gymnast Imogen Cairns, K4 Kayaker Jess Walker, triathlete Hollie Avil, 400m runner Nicola Sanders and Modern Pentathlete Katy Livingston all signed up for the glamorous shoot.
The EFMP has a broad plan for increasing the number of people practising this sport in Egypt," added Touni, who said that the ideal adult age for the modern pentathlete is between 22 and 28.