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(mō`dŏk), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Sahaptin-Chinook branch of the Penutian linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). They formerly lived in SW Oregon and N California, particularly around Modoc Lake (also known as Lower Klamath Lake) and Tule Lake. Modoc culture was similar to the culture of the KlamathKlamath
, Native North Americans who in the 19th cent. lived in SW Oregon. They speak a language of the Sahaptin-Chinook branch of the Penutian linguistic stock (see Native American languages) and are related to the Modoc people.
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, but the Modoc did not rely as heavily on the wokas, or water-lily seeds, for food. There was considerable trouble between the Modoc and the early white settlers, with atrocities being committed on both sides. The Modoc were finally constrained to live (1864) on the Klamath Reservation in Oregon, but most of the tribe was dissatisfied. In 1870, Chief Kintpuash, or Captain JackCaptain Jack
(d. 1873), subchief of the Modoc and leader of the hostile group in the Modoc War (1872–73). Jack, whose Modoc name was Kintpuash , had agreed (1864) to leave his ancestral home and live on a reservation with the Klamath.
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, led a group back to California and refused to return to the reservation. The attempt to bring them back brought on the Modoc WarModoc War,
1872–73, series of battles between the Modoc and the U.S. army fought as a result of the attempt to force a group of the Modoc to return to the Klamath Reservation in S Oregon. Beginning in Nov., 1872, U.S.
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 (1872–73). After the Modoc War, the Modoc people were divided; some were sent to Oklahoma (where a few remain) and some to the Klamath Reservation in Oregon. The Modoc in Oregon share lands with the Klamath and Snake. In 1990 there were some 500 Modoc in the United States.


See V. F. Ray, Primitive Pragmatists: The Modoc Indians of Northern California (1963), R. H. Dillea, Burnt-Out-Fires (1973).

References in periodicals archive ?
Modoc Research, currently based in Wilmington, NC, will join bioskin in their new joint headquarters facility located in the growing Mayfaire business district of Wilmington.
These official declarations have been signed by the Board of Supervisors of Modoc and Siskiyou counties and contain statements with regard to California being ungovernable in its present size and present form; and a desire to reform under a new state government in order to return to a basic government model with less bureaucracy, regulation, and taxes.
It was to this place that Captain Jack led the Lost River Modoc to seek refuge after the US army invaded their homes on November 29, 1872.
Sherman, exclaimed that the Modoc treachery fully justified their "utter extermination.
Like those booklets describing the qualities of destination points served by the railroad lines, Modoc County's Board of Supervisors, "rooting for Modoc County, California," provided a strong sense of place throughout the pages of their brochure with numerous photographs and this map identifying the county's forests, lakes, valleys, lava beds, ice caves, and scenic areas, as well as hunting, fishing, and camping sites.
Regional Development Rights are now available for the counties of Alpine, Amador, Butte, Calaveras, Colusa, El Dorado, Fresno, Glenn, Inyo, Kern, King, Lake, Lassen, Madera, Mariposa, Merced, Modoc, Mono, Nevada, Placer, Plumas, Sacramento, etc.
Wolf chronicles the history, restoration and re-connection of the Klamath, Yahooskin and Modoc people to the forests of their history.
Newly added to expand the series is YUROK (9781591976585), PAIUTE (9781591976578), MODOC (9781591976561), CHOCTAW (9781591976530), KUMEYAAY (9781591976554), KIOWA (9781591976547), CADDO (9781591976509), CHICKASAW (9781591976523), CAHUILLA (9781591976516) and ARAPAHO (9781591976493).
A small band of Modoc Indians living along the California-Oregon border were obliged to relocate to a territory inhabited by their traditional enemies.
I think we've got a sure thing when we arrive at Medicine Lake in Modoc National Forest.
Plague also has been detected in animals in nine other California counties this year - Alpine, Butte, Glenn, Lassen, Modoc, Monterey, Nevada, Plumas and Sierra - although none of those cases involved pets.
This site is a collaborative effort by county public health officials in Region III, California (Butte, Colusa, Glenn, Lassen, Modoc, Plumas, Shasta, Sierra, Siskiyou, Sutter, Tehama, and Trinity Counties).