Modoc War


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Modoc War,

1872–73, series of battles between the Modoc and the U.S. army fought as a result of the attempt to force a group of the Modoc to return to the Klamath Reservation in S Oregon. Beginning in Nov., 1872, U.S. soldiers were engaged in sieges against the Modoc who were encamped in the lava beds near Tule Lake, Calif. The soldiers, after losing battle after battle, increased their forces to 1,000 by Mar., 1873. During peace negotiations Gen E. R. S. Canby and Eleazer Thomas were killed; the soldiers intensified their efforts to subdue the Modoc and finally in late May, 1873, Captain JackCaptain Jack
(d. 1873), subchief of the Modoc and leader of the hostile group in the Modoc War (1872–73). Jack, whose Modoc name was Kintpuash , had agreed (1864) to leave his ancestral home and live on a reservation with the Klamath.
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 and his much reduced force of 30 warriors were captured. Captain Jack and three other leaders were hanged in October. The Modoc War proved costly to both sides: 87 soldiers were killed and 83 were wounded. Although the Modoc lost only 8 warriors and an unlisted number of women and children in the fighting, they were thereafter divided as a people.
References in periodicals archive ?
For more on the Modoc War, see Patricia Nelson Limerick's Something in the Soil (2000), along with Keith A.
Donald McKay worked for both the US Army and the Bureau of Indian Affairs as the captain of the Warm Spring scouts during the Modoc War (1872-73).
The Modoc War on the California-Oregon border resulted in the killing (during peace negotiations, no less) of the only general officer during a hundred years of Indian warring.
3) For more on the decision to try the Modocs by military commission, see Doug Foster, "Imperfect Justice: The Modoc War Crimes Trial of 1873," 100 Oregon Historical Q.
The exhibition will feature a number of Muybridge's photographs of Yosemite Valley, including dramatic waterfalls and mountain views from 1867 and 1872, images of Alaska, the Pacific coast, an 1869 survey of the Central Pacific and Union Pacific Railroads in California, Nevada and Utah, the Modoc War, Panama and Guatemala, and urban panoramas of San Francisco.
A decade later, the Modoc War erupted and the lynching of Captain Jack sealed the fate of the region.
We bought some hard hats for the boys, looked at the history exhibits about the Modoc War of the early 1870s, and then explored the Mushpot Cave, which is the only lighted tunnel at the monument.
An amazing bit of Oregon history - diaries that detail the interrogation and hanging of Modoc leader Captain Jack and three of his associates near Klamath Falls at the end of the Modoc War in 1873 - has been acquired by the Klamath County Museum and will be on display there through September.
These events included a few local incidents, a rabble-rousing newspaper man in Union County, the Modoc Wars in the Klamath country, Indian affairs in the wake of the Civil War, President Grant's failed attempt to rescind the 1863 treaty and give half of the Wallowas to the Joseph Band, and Gen.
Several were only recently discovered, nested within a larger 1873 series of stereographs Muybridge made documenting the Modoc Wars (Solnit, "Tangles" 184).
His landscape and terrain images include Alaska and Central America, Yosemite and the Sierra Nevada Mountains, and he was in northeastern California photographing Tule Lake for the US Army when the Modoc Wars erupted in 1873.