Klamath

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Klamath

(klăm`əth), Native North Americans who in the 19th cent. lived in SW Oregon. They speak a language of the Sahaptin-Chinook branch of the Penutian linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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) and are related to the ModocModoc
, Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Sahaptin-Chinook branch of the Penutian linguistic stock (see Native American languages). They formerly lived in SW Oregon and N California, particularly around Modoc Lake (also known as Lower Klamath Lake) and Tule
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 people. The material for the first description of the Klamath was collected by Peter Skene Ogden, who visited them in 1829 and opened trade relations. They subsisted by hunting, fishing, and collecting roots and wokas, or water-lily seeds. The Klamath were peaceful toward American settlers but not toward the Native Americans of N California. They raided those tribes periodically and carried off women and children, keeping their captives as slaves or selling them to other Native Americans. By the treaty of 1864 with the United States, the practice of slavery was abolished and their land NE of Upper Klamath Lake in Oregon was set aside as the Klamath Reservation. Today they are mostly farmers. In 1990 there were 3,100 Klamath in the United States.

Bibliography

See L. Spier, Klamath Ethnography (1930); T. Stern, The Klamath Tribe (1965, repr. 1988).


Klamath,

mountain range, part of Pacific Coast Ranges extending c.240 mi (368 km) from SW Oregon to NW California. The Klamath Mts. are part of numerous national forest and wildlife preserves and contain scenic portions of the Klamath River, rising in Upper Klamath Lake, and the Sacramento River. The highest point is Mt. Eddy (9,038 ft/2,755 m). Hiking and game hunting are popular activities along the mountain range. Tourism, fishing, and lumber industries are chief sources of income for many of the towns in the mountain region, such as Klamath Falls.

Klamath

(processor)
The pre-release "code name" for Intel's Pentium II microprocessor.

Klamath

The code name for the Intel Pentium II chip. See Pentium II.