Moesia

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Moesia

(mē`shə), ancient region of SE Europe, south of the lower Danube River. Inhabited by Thracians, it was captured by the Romans in 29 B.C. It was later organized as a Roman province, comprising roughly what is now Serbia (Upper Moesia) and Bulgaria (Lower Moesia). Under the empire Roman colonies flourished in the Danube valley.

Moesia

 

a country in antiquity between the lower Danube and the Balkan Mountains, inhabited by various Thracian tribes, including the Moesi, Getae, and Bessi. It was bounded by the Drina River on the west and by the Black Sea on the east. In the seventh and sixth centuries B.C., Greek colonies, notably Odessos, Callatis, Tomi, and Istrus, were founded on the Black Sea coast.

Moesia was conquered by Rome in 29–27 B.C. Western, or Upper, Moesia came under Roman rule at that time, becoming a Roman province not later than A.D. 15. Eastern, or Lower, Moesia became part of Thrace, a Roman dependency, and in A.D. 46 it was annexed to the province of Moesia. In 86, Moesia was divided into two provinces, Upper and Lower Moesia. At the end of the third century, Upper Moesia (Moesia I) became part of the diocese of Moesia (with Macedonia, Epirus, Achaea, and Crete), and Lower Moesia (Moesia II) became part of the diocese of Thrace. In the fourth century Moesia I was incorporated into the diocese of Dacia. The region was settled by Goths in the fourth century and by Slavic tribes in the sixth and seventh centuries.

REFERENCE

Zlatkovskaia, T. D. Meziia v 1 i 2 vv. Moscow, 1951.
References in periodicals archive ?
French could produce inscriptions suggesting that Sinope was the Pontic fleet's base in the 3rd century and argued for a division of authority between the Moesian fleet, responsible for the western, northwestern Euxine coasts and the Crimea down to Chersonesus and Charax (Cape Ai-Todor), and the Pontic fleet, surveying the Propontis, the northern Anatolian coast and Colchis.
63) A curious force of 2000 phrouroi in Thrace twenty years after its annexation (too few, if the Moesian army is meant), unconfirmed and inadequately explained, parallels the 3000 'hoplites' in the Euxine.
68) A recent explanation of the 3000 'hoplites' as vexillations from the Moesian legions V Macedonica, VII Claudia, and VIII Augusta hardly convinces.
A series of late second-century inscriptions from Halmyris at the Danube's mouth provide a parallel in a vicus classicorum no doubt of the Moesian fleet.
20) Didius Gallus may have had a special command for the Crimean crisis rather than being the Moesian governor: see Birley 2005:31-37 on his career; Aquila: Rostovtzeff 1916-18:16-18; Remy 1989:58; [PIR.
367 to the Moesian command, but Levick later (1999:114) has these forty ships based at Sinope far from a Moesian governor's provincia.
Plautius Silvanus Aelianus, the Moesian governor, launched a major expedition across the Danube at some point 62-66, in the crisis involving Transdanuvians, Bastarnae, Rhoxolani, Dacians and probably the Sarmatian Aorsi.