Smith, The Moghul Architecture
of Fathpur Sikri, reprint Delhi, 1973, frontispiece, CIX CXX.
For example, the somewhat eclectic forms and motifs from Andalusian, Abbasid, and Moghul architecture
in works erected by the Sultan-Caliph Abdul Hamit II express his claim to exert caliphal authority throughout the Muslim world, which consequently was cause for concern to French, British, and Russian imperial powers who claimed authority over large Muslim populations.
Lahore, he pointed out, is a historical and cultural trove, splendid with Moghul architecture
, famous for singing, music, art and literature, all of which makes it a fertile ground for artists.