Muhammad Abduh

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Muhammad Abduh
BirthplaceNile Delta, Egypt
Died

Muhammad Abduh

1849–1905, Egyptian Muslim religious reformer. His encounter in 1872 with Jamal ad-Din al-Afghani, in the Cairo mosque-university of al-Azhar, led to his transition from asceticism to an activism seeking the renaissance of Islam and the liberation of the Muslims from colonialism. Abduh advocated the reform of Islam by bringing it back to its pristine state, and casting off what he viewed as its contemporary decadence and division. His views were faced by opposition from the established political and religious order, but were later embraced by Arab nationalism after World War I.
References in periodicals archive ?
I came here paying the fare at the counter but when I want to go back I'm forced to buy the Nol card as there is no alternative," said Mohammad Abduh from Egypt.
In their search for solutions, men like Jamal al-Din al-Afghani, Mohammad Abduh and Rashid Rida sought to re-establish classical doctrines in order to bring about political, legal and intellectual reform, and in assimilating Western advances in science and technology, became known as modernists, while others such as Hasan al-Banna, Abu al-A'la al-Mawdudi and Sayyid Qutb, rejecting everything that was Western, became known as "fundamentalists.
For instance after citing a poem by a Seljuq poet, Mohammad Abduh, Javadi writes: "Here the pun on ahl-e divan (`the officials') and divan (`the demons') cannot be reproduced in English" (p.