Muhammad III or
Mehmet III, 1567–1603, Ottoman sultan (1595–1603), son and successor of Murad III to the throne of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey). Muhammad, who was a provisional governor under his father, was the last sultan to have any experience in public affairs before ascending the throne. He fought inconclusively in Hungary and in his last year lost Tabriz to Shah Abbas I of Persia. His son Ahmed I succeeded him.