Muhammad Zahir Shah(redirected from Mohammed Zahir Shah)
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Muhammad Zahir Shah(məhăm`əd zä`hĕr shä), 1914–2007, last king of Afghanistan. In 1933 he became king after his father, Muhammad Nadir Shah, was assassinated. During his reign power was exercised mainly by the king's uncles and a cousin, serving as prime ministers, until 1963, when the king asserted his power. Zahir Shah ended the absolute monarchy in 1964 and adopted some liberalizing reforms. In 1973 he was overthrown while abroad by his cousin (and former prime minister) Muhammad Daud Khan. The king returned to Afghanistan in 2002, after the ouster of the TalibanTaliban
, Islamic fundamentalist militia of Afghanistan and later Pakistan, originally consisting mainly of Sunni Pashtun religious students from Afghanistan who were educated and trained in Pakistan.
..... Click the link for more information. , and held the ceremonial position of "father of the country" from 2004 until his death.