Muhammad Zahir Shah

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Muhammad Zahir Shah

(məhăm`əd zä`hĕr shä), 1914–2007, last king of Afghanistan. In 1933 he became king after his father, Muhammad Nadir Shah, was assassinated. During his reign power was exercised mainly by the king's uncles and a cousin, serving as prime ministers, until 1963, when the king asserted his power. Zahir Shah ended the absolute monarchy in 1964 and adopted some liberalizing reforms. In 1973 he was overthrown while abroad by his cousin (and former prime minister) Muhammad Daud Khan. The king returned to Afghanistan in 2002, after the ouster of the TalibanTaliban
or Taleban
, Islamic fundamentalist militia of Afghanistan and later Pakistan, originally consisting mainly of Sunni Pashtun religious students from Afghanistan who were educated and trained in Pakistan.
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, and held the ceremonial position of "father of the country" from 2004 until his death.
References in periodicals archive ?
Its foundation stone was laid by the last king of Afghanistan, Mohammed Zahir Shah, in the presence of President Hamid Karzai and then Indian Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh, in 2005.
That man is Prince Zaland Sherzad (most of his American friends call him simply "Z"), a member of the royal family headed by the aging, exiled, former King of Afghanistan, Mohammed Zahir Shah.
After that, the popular former king Mohammed Zahir Shah will convene a loya jirga, or council of elders, that will establish a transitional government.
11 delegatesTHIS group represents former King Mohammed Zahir Shah, who has lived in Rome since he was ousted in a 1973 palace coup.
FORMER Afghan king Mohammed Zahir Shah has been backed by rival factions to head a new government in the war-torn country.
To begin with, none of the Afghan factions other than that of Rome-based former Afghan King Mohammed Zahir Shah has perceived the reality about the Americans, the rare and youthful combination of American resilience and resolve - never mind the ignorance, people learn in the process.
Some afghans look to the country's 86-year-old former king, Mohammed Zahir Shah.
Meeting in Rome, exiled king Mohammed Zahir Shah and Northern Alliance representatives agree to convene an emergency "Supreme Council" in Rome at end-October to plan a traditional tribal gathering that would choose a replacement for the Taliban.
Its foundation stone was laid by the last king of Afghanistan, Mohammed Zahir Shah, in presence of President Hamid Karzai and then Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in 2005.
King Mohammed Zahir Shah, 86, compared the Taliban to an occupying force, and said he wanted a loya jirga - an assembly of Afghan leaders - to draw up a democratic constitution.