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see Indus valley civilizationIndus valley civilization,
ancient civilization that arose about 3300 B.C. in the valley of the Indus River and its tributaries, in the northwestern portion of the Indian subcontinent, i.e., present-day Pakistan, and was at its height from about 2600 B.C. to about 1900 B.C.
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(translated from Sindhi as “the mound of the dead”), the ruins of one of the principal centers of the Harappa civilization. Discovered in 1922 by the Indian archaeologist R. Banerji, Mohenjo-Daro was subsequently excavated by J. Marshall, E. Mackay, and R. Wheeler. Its study has made it possible to identify the principal stages and characteristic features of the Harappa civilization.


Mackay, E. Drevneishaia kul’tura doliny Inda. Moscow, 1951.
Mohenjo-Daro and the Indus Civilization, vols. 1–3. London, 1931.
Mode, H. Das Frühe Indien. Weimar, 1960.


an excavated city in SE Pakistan, southwest of Sukkur near the River Indus: flourished during the third millennium bc
References in periodicals archive ?
While the Tamils claim that they are pure Dravidian by race, that they are heirs to the Mohenjadaro and Harappa civilizations of India, that they are the original inhabitants of Sri Lanka, that the Tamil language in its purest forms is spoken only in Sri Lanka and that the "Saiva Siddhanta" form of Hinduism has 'a special homeland' in Sri Lanka, the Sinhalese have been making a claim that they are the people of Sri Lanka and the land belongs to them.
5 Celsius in Mohenjadaro, 53 in Sibi, Jacobabad and Padidan, 52 in Nawabshah, 51 in Noorpur Thal, 50 in Rahimyar Khan, Sukkur and Dadu and 49 in Khanpur, Bhakkar and Mianwali.