Mohenjo-Daro

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Mohenjo-Daro:

see Indus valley civilizationIndus valley civilization,
ancient civilization that flourished from about 2500 B.C. to about 1500 B.C. in the valley of the Indus River and its tributaries, in the northwestern portion of the Indian subcontinent, i.e., present-day Pakistan.
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Mohenjo-Daro

 

(translated from Sindhi as “the mound of the dead”), the ruins of one of the principal centers of the Harappa civilization. Discovered in 1922 by the Indian archaeologist R. Banerji, Mohenjo-Daro was subsequently excavated by J. Marshall, E. Mackay, and R. Wheeler. Its study has made it possible to identify the principal stages and characteristic features of the Harappa civilization.

REFERENCES

Mackay, E. Drevneishaia kul’tura doliny Inda. Moscow, 1951.
Mohenjo-Daro and the Indus Civilization, vols. 1–3. London, 1931.
Mode, H. Das Frühe Indien. Weimar, 1960.

Mohenjo-Daro

an excavated city in SE Pakistan, southwest of Sukkur near the River Indus: flourished during the third millennium bc