Mojave Desert


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Mojave or Mohave Desert,

c.15,000 sq mi (38,850 sq km), region of low, barren mountains and flat valleys, 2,000 to 5,000 ft (610–1,524 m) high, S Calif.; part of the Great Basin of the United States. It is bordered on the N and W by the Sierra Nevada and the Tehachapi, San Gabriel, and San Bernardino mts. and merges with the Colorado Desert (part of the Sonoran Desert) in the southeast. Once a part of an ancient interior sea, the desert was formed by volcanic action (lava surfaces with cinder cones are present) and by material deposited by the Colorado River.

The temperature is uniformly warm throughout the year, although there is a wide variation from day to night. Strong, dry winds blow in the afternoon and evening. Located in the rain shadow of the Coast Ranges, the Mojave receives an average annual rainfall of 5 in. (12.7 cm), mostly in winter. Juniper and Joshua trees are found on the higher, outer mountain slopes; desert-type vegetation and numerous intermittent lakes and streams are present in the valleys. The Mojave River is the largest stream. Minerals found in the desert include borax and other salines, gold, silver, and iron.

Military installations were established in the Mojave during World War II; Edwards Air Force Base is perhaps the best known. Northwest of Edwards, on the western edge of the desert, is Mojave Air and Space Port, a civilian test facility and aircraft storage center. Further north and northeast is the U.S. Navy's China Lake weapons testing facility, which is also the site of the Coso Petroglyphs, the largest collection of ancient rock art in the Americas. About 1,450,000 acres (587,250 hectares) of the desert are protected in Mojave National Preserve. Death ValleyDeath Valley,
SE Calif. and SW Nev., a deep, arid basin, 140 mi (225 km) long, bordered on the W by the Panamint Range and on the E by the Amargosa Range. In summer the valley has recorded some of the world's highest air temperatures (134°F;/56.
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 National Park and Joshua Tree National ParkJoshua Tree National Park,
1,022,703 acres (414,050 hectares), S California. Lying between the high Mojave Desert and the low Colorado Desert, this park has a unique ecosystem in which are preserved rare Joshua trees (Yucca brevifolia
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 are also located in the region.

Bibliography

See E. C. Jaeger, The California Deserts (4th ed. 1965); M. Q. Sutton, Papers on the Archaeology of the Mojave Desert (1987).

Mojave Desert

, Mohave Desert
a desert in S California, south of the Sierra Nevada: part of the Great Basin. Area: 38 850 sq. km (15 000 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Feinstein, who has introduced legislation to conserve portions of the Mojave Desert and enhance public recreational access.
Liberty Institute on behalf of its client, the Veterans of Foreign Wars (VFW), is proud to announce the much-anticipated return of the Mojave Desert Veterans Memorial Cross , which, during 13 years of tumultuous litigation, has been bagged, put in a box, torn down and stolen by vandals.
com/california/ci_21845026/octomom-enjoying-mojave-desert-digs) According to the San Jose's Mercury News , Suleman is enjoying her new home in the Mojave Desert.
Boundaries of our northern Mojave Desert-eastern Sierra Nevada region corresponded to portions of Inyo and Mono counties in the Jepson areas mapped as Mojave Desert and eastern Sierra Nevada by Hickman (1993) and the California Gap Analysis Project (1998), along with a small, disjunct, but ecologically similar area southeast of Topaz Lake.
It wants to put a project in the Mojave Desert Preserve that could cost $2 billion and put more than 200,000 mirrors in the desert that could one day be a major power source for the nation.
Precipitation began in the lower elevations of the Mojave Desert on the morning of the 15th with snow levels around 3000 feet, however, as precipitation continued and the atmosphere was able to cool, snow levels began to lower to around 2500 feet by the late morning hours.
When fully operational in 2011, the Mojave Solar Park plant will cover up to 6,000 acres, or nine square miles in the Mojave Desert.
In this collection of stories about her adventures by herself or with friends and her partner, the author describes her relationships with friends and lovers, and illustrates the unique beauty of the landscapes she experiences, from the Mojave Desert to the Antarctic, as the subtitle says.
NASA will take another group of middle school teachers to the Mojave Desert for a weeklong interdisciplinary science seminar.
A 500-megawatt power plant of 20,000 dishes will be located in the Mojave Desert, while a 300-megawatt plant of 12,000 dishes will call the Imperial Valley home.
Demonstrating unprecedented prowess in robotics and artificial intelligence, five unmanned, autonomous vehicles last weekend dashed all the way across a rugged, 210-kilometer stretch of the Mojave Desert.
For her latest, ongoing project, "29 Palms," 2003-, Le has been photographing a large swath of California's Mojave desert that has been designated a combat-training zone for Marines headed to Iraq and Afghanistan.