Moldavian


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Moldavian

 

the language of the Moldavians. It is spoken in the Moldavian SSR and several other republics of the USSR by more than 2.5 million persons (1970 census). Moldavian belongs to the Northern Danubian group of Eastern Romance languages and is divided into four dialect groups: northwestern, northeastern, central, and southwestern. Unlike most other Romance languages, Moldavian contains Slavic elements. The phonetic features of Moldavian include the presence of the vowels ë and ū, which are pronounced in a special way; rising and falling diphthongs; and a shifting phonological stress. The morphology is inflectional with some analytic elements. Moldavian has four types of articles: definite, indefinite, adjectival, and pronomial.

The first texts in Moldavian, dating from the late 15th and early 16th centuries, were translations of Slavonic religious books. The writing system was based on Cyrillic until the 19th century and later on the Russian Civil alphabet. The literary language began to evolve in the 16th and 17th centuries but was not fully formed until the second half of the 19th century. During the Soviet period the language has been enriched, a scientific and technical vocabulary has been created, and the grammar and orthography have been standardized.

REFERENCES

Voprosy moldavskogo iazykoznaniia. Moscow, 1953.
Korletianu, N. G. “Moldavskii iazyk.” In the collection lazyki narodov SSSR, vol. 1. Moscow, 1966.
Korletianu, N. G. Limba moldoveniaske literare kontemporane, fascs. 1–2. Kishinev, 1969–70.
Ocherk sovremennogo moldavskogo literaturnogo iazyka. Kishinev, 1967.
“Moldavskii iazyk.” In the collection Zakonomernosti razvitiia literaturnykh iazykov narodov SSSR v sovetskuiu epokhu, vol. 3. Moscow, 1973.

N. G. KORLETIANU

References in periodicals archive ?
Bulgaria's top diplomat stressed before his Moldavian counterpart that the establishment of legitimate and stable state institutions in the Republic of Moldova is of primary importance.
In the south we have betting shops on every street corner; fewer trafficked Moldavians if our Minister of the Interior, Neoclis Sylikiotis, is to be believed, and likewise, fewer drug users according to police spokesman, Michalis Katsounotos, even though many of our betting shops employ lovely foreign hostesses, who are known to excite 'bad thoughts' in gamblers.
Timour Bourtasenkov, IBC's artistic advisor and a principal dancer and founding member of Carolina Ballet, studied with the Moldavian Opera House and the Bolshoi Ballet.
The Traffic Chief Prosecutor pointed out that the Moldavian defendant drove his car under the influence of alcohol in the end of March.
The Kyrgyz citizen and human rights activist, Edil Baisalov, was detained by the Moldavian authorities.
Another Saeco/Cannondale rider, Igor Pugaci, won the Moldavian National Championships.
ySTANBUL (CyHAN)- Turkish Parliament Speaker Cemil Ecicek who is paying an official visit to Moldavia met Moldavian Prime Minister Lurie Leancya at his residence.
Portnoy was born on November 11, 1954 in Kishinev of the Moldavian SSR.
The Court of First Instance found the defendant, a 38-year-old Uzbek, guilty of forcing the victim (a Moldavian national) into flesh trade by coercion, beating and confinement.
His body lay in state in the splendid St Alexander Nevski cathedral, built in the late 19th century in memory of (as an inscription outside says) the thousands of Russian, Bulgarian, Ukrainian, Moldavian, Finnish and Romanian soldiers who, from 1877 to 1878, laid down their lives for the liberation of Bulgaria from the Ottoman empire.
Apparently the young woman had stolen e1/44,200 cash from her Moldavian roommate last month and then tried to skip country with her husband on the same day but was arrested at Larnaca airport.
President Bakiev sent his congratulations to Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbaev, Tajik President Emomali Rahmon, Turkmen President Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov, Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan, Uzbek President Islam Karimov, Belorussian President Alexander Lukashenko, Azerbaijani President Ilkham Aliev, Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko, Moldavian President Vladimir Voronin and Georgian President Mikhail Saakashvili.