Moley, Raymond Charles

Moley, Raymond Charles

(mō`lē), 1886–1975, American political economist, b. Berea, Ohio, grad. Baldwin-Wallace College, 1906, Ph.D. Columbia, 1918. He taught at Western Reserve Univ. (1916–19) and at Columbia after 1923, becoming professor of public law (1928) and an expert on the treatment of criminals. He was an economic adviser to Gov. Alfred E. Smith and became a central figure in the Brain TrustBrain Trust,
the group of close advisers to Franklin Delano Roosevelt when he was governor of New York state and during his first years as President. The name was applied to them because the members of the group were drawn from academic life.
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, a group of advisers to Franklin Delano Roosevelt. After Roosevelt was elected President, Moley served (1933) as Assistant Secretary of State and delegate to the World Economic Conference at London, resigning because he felt that Roosevelt did not support him. As editor of Today (1933–37) and later associate editor of Newsweek, he energetically criticized Roosevelt's administration. He wrote much on government, the treatment of criminals, and politics. His writings include After Seven Years (1939), which deals with the Roosevelt administration, 27 Masters of Politics (1949), The Republican Opportunity (1962), and The First New Deal, with E. A. Rosen (1966).
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