Molly Maguires


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Molly Maguires

(məgwī`ərz), secret organization of Irish-Americans in the coal-mining districts of Pennsylvania. Its name came from a woman who led an extralegal, antilandlord organization in Ireland during the 1840s, and its membership was drawn from the Ancient Order of Hibernians, an Irish-American fraternal society. For several years, especially from c.1865 to 1875, the Molly Maguires dominated the mining industry of E Pennsylvania. The movement arose to combat the oppressive industrial and living conditions. Since the police and the forces for law and order were entirely controlled by the mine owners, the Molly Maguires often resorted to intimidating or murdering the police. Agents and superintendents were continually molested. The Mollies reached the height of their power c.1875, when they managed to organize a union in a region otherwise virtually unorganized and to call a strike. Franklin Gowen, president of the Reading RR, which had extensive mining interests, hired the Pinkerton agency to infiltrate the union, and the power of the Molly Maguires was finally broken by the spying activities of James McParlan, a Pinkerton detective. Ten of the Molly Maguires were hanged. McParlan's secret reports were released for study in 1947.

Molly Maguires

antilandlord organization; used any means to combat mine owners (1860s, 1870s). [Am. Hist.: Van Doren, 272]
See: Riot
References in periodicals archive ?
1877: The Molly Maguires, 10 Irish immigrants convicted of murder, are hanged at Pennsylvania prisons, Schuylkill County and Carbon County.
Patrick Wayne was closer to the mark, though you can glimpse Bill as the coalmine owner in Martin Ritt's cave-in "The Molly Maguires.
The Molly Maguires struck again in Longford, Leitrim and Cavan, and a grand jury in 1845 declared that 'the ordinary powers of the law are quite inadequate .
The topics include accident or arson, labor and regional conflicts, the Welsh-Irish and the Molly Maguires, mine safety and other legacies, and memorializing and reinterpreting.
Like the Molly Maguires the Dubliners sang about, we will not see the likes of him again.
He appeared in such films as The Molly Maguires with Sean Connery, Blazing Saddles with Gene Wilder, My Fair Lady with Rex Harrison, The Warlord with Charlton Heston, The Young Lions with Marlon Brando and The Wild Geese with Richard Burton.
Every executive in this global industry is either an actual or honorary member of the Freemasons, Opus Dei, Trilateral Commission, Skull and Bones, Mafia, or Molly Maguires.
The Quecreek Mine Rescue Site in Somerset County, modern dance legend Martha Graham and the Execution of the Molly Maguires are some of the other marker subjects.
Anthracite Lads: A True Story of the Fables Molly Maguires is a unique book that strives to reexamine a facet of American History in a new light.
Irish actor Harris, who later went on to capture hearts in his role as Dumbledore in the Harry Potter films, was seen as a legitimate target by hardline loyalists, after remarks he made during the launch of the movie The Molly Maguires.
Behaving Badly: The Life Of Richard Harris 1930-2002, was written by respected biographer Cliff Goodwin who claims a loyalist gang stalked the late Irish actor in London following his appearance in the film The Molly Maguires.