Molucca


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Molucca

 

(Spice Islands), a group of islands in the eastern Malay Archipelago, in Indonesia, lying between Sulawesi and New Guinea. Area, 83,700 sq km. Population, approximately 1 million (1971, estimate). The Moluccas extend from north to south and southeast for 1,300 km. The largest islands are Halmahera, Ceram, and Buru. The islands are mountainous, with elevations reaching 3,019 m on Mount Binaija in Ceram, and are located in a seismic zone with frequent earthquakes. There are numerous volcanoes, including about ten active ones. Natural resources include deposits of tin, gold, and petroleum.

The climate is equatorial, except in the south, where it is subequatorial. The temperature along the coast fluctuates between 25° and 27°C. The lower slopes receive between 800 mm and 2,000 mm of precipitation annually, and the higher slopes, 4,000 mm or more. Equatorial forests of palms, Ficus, dipterocarps, and bamboo occupy more than 80 percent of the territory, giving way to deciduous and coniferous species above 1,200 m. Thickets of shrubs, tree ferns, and alang-alang grow profusely in the lowlands. The fauna includes both East Asian and Australian species, such as marsupials of the family Phalangeridae, bats, cassowaries, birds of paradise, crocodiles, boas, and tree frogs. Important agricultural products are sago, coconuts, cloves, nutmeg, and pepper. The largest city and port is Ambon on the island of Ambon.

I. V. KOZLOV

References in periodicals archive ?
whaling barque, Costa Rica Packet, three months out from Sydney, sailed into the old spice port of Ternate in what was then the Moluccas, Netherlands East Indies.
Now we can add: Kosovo, Congo, East Timor, the Philippines, Sierra Leone, the West Bank, Eritrea, The Molucca Islands of Indonesia, Nigeria, and many more flashpoints.
This article gives an account of Bruce and Sheridan Fahnestock, who went to Java, Molucca, Banda, and Timor in February 1940.
Elsewhere, typical of cultures "talking past one another," he learned that Molucca Indians truly perceived small boats launched from Spanish ships as infants, born and suckled by the mother vessels.
Cloves and nutmeg from the Molucca Islands, cubebs from Java and Panang, cinnamon from Ceylon, peppercorns from Malabar were all gathered by Chinese traders, exchanged for goods from the Indians, and then traded further along in their westward journey to the Arabs.
A subject to which I returned in my first podcast, now available on my YouTube channel Molucca Red.
5 on the Richter scale jolted Molucca Sea at 12:05 p.
What name was originally given to the Molucca Islands by Dutch traders?
The Armed Conflicts Report 2000 includes 6 new conflicts (Eritrea/Ethiopia, Andhra Pradesh state in India, Molucca Islands in Indonesia, Nigeria, Chechnian Republic in Russia, and Senegal).
Geological Survey put the quake's epicenter in the Molucca Sea some 220 kilometers north of the North Maluku provincial capital Ternate, 330 km east-northeast of the North Sulawesi provincial capital Manado and 950 km west-southwest of Davao on the southern Philippine island of Mindanao.
Some claimed the violence was a spillover from fighting between Christian and Muslim communities in the Molucca Islands to the east.
He contrasts Fletcher's The Island Princess (1619-22), a play based on Spanish and French histories of colonial rivalries in the Molucca islands, to The Tempest: Fletcher's play is "centrally concerned with the question of the relationship between European and non-European peoples, which is why it can be described as a colonial--or possibly, an anti-colonial--text in the broadest sense.