Mombasa


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Mombasa

(mŏmbă`sə, –bä`sə), city (1990 est. pop. 537,000), capital of Coast prov., SE Kenya, mostly on Mombasa island in the Indian Ocean and partly on the mainland (with which it is connected by a causeway). It is Kenya's chief port and an important commercial and industrial center. Manufactures include processed food, cement, and glass. Oil is refined and tourism is also important. From the 8th to the 16th cent. Mombasa was a center of the Arab trade in ivory and slaves. The city was visited (1498) by Vasco da Gama on his first voyage to India. Mombasa was burned three times by the Portuguese. The Portuguese controlled the city until 1698, when it was regained by the Arabs; the Portuguese briefly held the city again in 1729. It came under Zanzibar in the mid-19th cent. and passed to Great Britain in 1887. Mombasa was the capital of the British East Africa Protectorate from 1887 to 1907. In the 21st cent., the city has become a center of militant Islamism in Kenya. Of note are the remains of Fort Jesus, built by the Portuguese in 1593–94. The city's extensive beaches and resorts attract thousands of tourists annually.

Mombasa

 

a city in Kenya on a coral island in the Indian Ocean; linked with the mainland by two causeways and a bridge. Population, 255,400 (1970, including suburbs).

A highway junction, Mombasa has a railroad station. It is Kenya’s chief port, handling 90 percent of the country’s freight turnover. There are food, textile, metalworking, cement, oil-refining, and metallurgical industrial enterprises. Among the exports are coffee, tea, petroleum products, pyrethrum, sisal, and cement. The Port Reitz airport is situated near Mombasa on the mainland. Mombasa is a seaside resort.

Mombasa

a port in S Kenya, on a coral island in a bay of the Indian Ocean: the chief port for Kenya, Uganda, and NE Tanzania; became British in 1887, capital of the East African Protectorate until 1907. Pop.: 828 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Motorists from Nairobi to Mombasa were asked to divert at Emali and take Loitoktok- Taveta Road then head to Voi.
The SGR has also been beneficial for both local imports and transit imports, cutting down transit times from Mombasa to Nairobi by 24 hours.
African Memorable Safari offers a private safari tour to Tsavo East National Park from Mombasa for around PS260 per person, including overnight accommodation and a two-day safari.
This Mombasa -- Paris flight is scheduled to leave in the late afternoon of Sunday, December 20," it said.
Fadhili Williams, Kelly Brown, Slim Ali, Sal Davies, Safari Sounds, Them Mushrooms, all had their boom-time in Mombasa," Maganzo says.
For 2015, we continue to have a strong growth outlook for Kenya's ports and shipping sector based on three main factors: strong domestic growth in Kenya itself; a dynamic East African region (this is important because Mombasa acts as a trade gateway for many of Kenya's neighbouring countries); and finally, continuing signs that Mombasa port's ongoing congestion problems are easing.
The blasts follow terrorist attacks earlier this month in and around the coastal town of Mombasa.
A second plane was due back from Mombasa last night, with Thomson and First Choice cancelling all flights to Kenya until the end of October.
The Foreign Office has warned against all non-essential travel to Mombasa Island, on which part of the city of Mombasa lies.
Officials warned against travel to areas including the coastal resort of Mombasa and the eastern border with Somalia.
30 GMT) at a popular tourist nightclub in Diani some 25 km outside Mombasa.
Located 450 km southeast of the Kenyan capital of Nairobi, Mombasa is Kenya's sole international trading port.