Monastic Orders


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Orders, Monastic

 

in Catholicism, centralized monastic associations regulated by special charters, which, as a rule, are confirmed by the papacy.

The first Catholic monastic order was the Benedictines, founded in the sixth century. During the 11th and 12th centuries, at the time of the Crusades, a number of knightly religious orders came into being, as well as the order of the Cistercians. The rise of the mendicant orders dates to the 12th and 13th centuries; they were called upon to combat the influence on the masses of popular heretical doctrines and to strengthen the influence of the Catholic Church. The Jesuit order was established in the 16th century to combat the ideas of the Reformation.

The members of most Catholic monastic orders live in monasteries.

References in periodicals archive ?
Carmelite nuns belong to one of the most introverted and reclusive monastic orders within the Catholic Church.
He inspired the beginning of monastic orders among his disciples -- who spread the movement named for him after his death abroad from Syria, eventually to Lebanon.
The monastic orders during the period of Europe's 'Dark Ages' were pretty much the sole repositories of literacy as well as bastions of Christianity and social order.
The next section of the book (five chapters) deals with the liturgies of the religious orders: undifferentiated to 1215, thereafter the Benedictine and other monastic orders (Cluniac, Cistercian, Carthusian), the non-monastic orders of canons, and the several orders of friars.
Hokkeji and the reemergence of female monastic orders in premodern Japan.
Monastic orders of both males and females had indeed discovered in such sexual sublimation a mode of holiness, but that presumed its being both freely chosen and lived out in a nurturing community.
Medieval monasticism, whatever its defects, could not have succeeded as the agent of civilizational renewal were it not for the institutional monastic orders -- the Benedictines, the Franciscans, the Dominicans -- that permitted and encouraged the copying of manuscripts and the preservation of Greece and Rome in a kind of cultural cold storage.
Other monastic orders once established in the city included the Carmelites at Whitefriars, Franciscans at Grey Friars and Carthusians at The Charterhouse.
It's told within the perspective of the fact that at 26 Merton entered one of the strictest monastic orders you can find, the Trappists.
24] Equally important, they are extending their gaze beyond Franciscans and Dominicans to the other mendicant orders, such as the Servites and the Augustinian friars, and even to the histories of the older monastic orders in this period as well (e.
Frenchmen participated in the reconquest, monastic orders and even -- but this is a hotly debated issue little dealt with here -- some feudal institutions penetrated across the Pyrenees.
The patriarch officiated over a "Capella Resurrectiona liana "alter in his "pastoral capacity" as head of the Maronite Church in presence of outgoing prelate Nasrullah Sfeir, apostolic nancio to Lebanon Gabrielle Caccia, members of the holy Synod and other clerics of minor rank including members of the monastic orders and nunneries.