gerbil

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gerbil

(jûr`bĭl), small desert rodentrodent,
member of the mammalian order Rodentia, characterized by front teeth adapted for gnawing and cheek teeth adapted for chewing. The Rodentia is by far the largest mammalian order; nearly half of all mammal species are rodents.
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 found throughout the hot arid regions of Africa and Asia. Also known as sand rats, gerbils have large eyes and powerful, elongated hind limbs upon which they can spring. Gerbils are 3 to 5 in. (7.6–12.7 cm) long, excluding the long tufted tail, and are sandy, gray, brown, or reddish in color with white underparts. Most species are nocturnal, and all live in burrows. Their diet consists of seeds and grains; they also eat desert plants, from which they obtain almost all the water they need. With the exception of a few species, gerbils tend to hoard food. In recent years gerbils have become popular as house pets. They are odorless, easy to raise, and usually gentle. Females may bear as many as 15 litters in a lifetime; each litter may contain up to 10 young. Gerbils are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Rodentia, family Cricetidae.

gerbil

[′jər·bəl]
(vertebrate zoology)
The common name for about 100 species of African and Asian rodents composing the subfamily Gerbillinae.

gerbil

, gerbille
any burrowing rodent of the subfamily Gerbillinae, inhabiting hot dry regions of Asia and Africa and having soft pale fur: family Cricetidae
References in periodicals archive ?
Future studies in this mouse will investigate whether T regulates the onset of paternal behavior via conversion to estradiol, as is the case in the California mouse, or whether both T metabolites are involved in its onset, as in the Mongolian gerbil.
1984) The effect of dietary lipid on the lipoprotein status of the Mongolian gerbil.
1987) Hydroxylation of fatty acids and alcohols by hepatic microsomal cytochrome P-450 system from the Mongolian gerbil.
It ameliorates oxidative stress and hippocampal neuronal damage after transient global cerebral ischemia in Mongolian gerbils.
Protective effect of green tea extract on ischemia/repeiiuslon-induced brain injury in Mongolian gerbils.
Effects of cold acclimation on body weight, serum leptin level, energy metabolism and thermogenesis in the Mongolian gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus).
Relationships between metabolic rates and body composition in the Mongolian gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus).
A testosterone-mediated trade-off between parental and sexual effort in male Mongolian gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus).
Correlative studies in the Mongolian gerbil (Meriones ungiculatus) and the dwarf hamster (Phodopus campbelli), have found an increase in plasma levels of testosterone in the male, before female delivery, followed by a decrease after the young are born (Brown et al.
Protective effect of green tea extract on ischemia/reperfusion-induced brain injury in Mongolian gerbils.
MONGOLIAN gerbils prefer to live in groups, and females will usually live together well.

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