28) On the other hand, although the sound changes in Turkic and Mongolic have lead to slightly different results in terms of phonetics, we may note a certain similarity in terms of sound development in the Turkic-Mongolic contact area.
43) However, Mongolic languages have i-umlaut as well.
This can hardly be a case of shortening the Shianbei name, so it must be a case of translation; if so, then we have the Shianbei word for "paper," and it turns out that this Shianbei word can be related to later Mongolic forms.
Reinterpreted in Mongolic fashion, this transcription represents something like qad[?
Greenberg (2000 : 129) noted it in the following languages: Uralic *-m (in all three main groups--in Finno-Permic, Ugric and Samoyedic), Indo-European *-m (AccSg of masculine and feminine nouns, Acc/NomSg of neuter nouns), Mongolic
(only in a few pronominal forms), Tungusic -wa, -wa, -ba, -ba, -ma, -ma etc.
Why is it that we take an agnostic approach to the broader genetic relationships (Altaic, Uralic, even Ugric), yet build our analysis on groupings like Finnic, Samoyedic and Mongolic, rather than individual languages such as Finnish, Nenets and Khalka?
It should be recalled that relatively few of the 46 features in the database occur in any Altaic language group--the number ranges from 32 in Tungusic to only 27 in Mongolic.
Within Turkic, Mongolic, and Tungusic languages (i.
Based on the facts from Oroqen and other observations about the operation of reduplication in Altaic languages, we argue that emphatic reduplication is borrowed into Tungusic, most likely from Turkic via Mongolic.
Whereas most earlier Altaicists based their comparative work on the core groups of Turkic, Mongolic.
PA Turkic Mongolic Tungusic Korean Japanese *t' *t *t *t *t *t *t *d *d *d *t *t *d *j *d *d *t *t *k' *k k *x *k *k *k *g *k *k *k *k *g *g *g *g *k *k
Here the Sibe were surrounded by Turkic and Mongolic
peoples and were not subjected to the overpowering influence of Chinese culture and language as were the Manchus and the Sibe who remained behind in Manchuria.