Monod, Jacques Lucien

(redirected from Monod)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

Monod, Jacques Lucien

 

Born Feb. 9, 1910, in Paris. French biochemist and microbiologist.

Monod worked at the University of Paris after graduating from the university’s faculty of sciences in 1934. In 1945 he was made head of the laboratory of microbic physiology of the Pasteur Institute in Paris, and in 1953 head of the institute’s department of cellular biochemistry. In 1971 he was appointed director of the Pasteur Institute. He also held professorships at the University of Paris, from 1959, and the Collège de France, from 1967.

Monod’s main works are devoted to bacterial growth and to the induction and repression of bacterial enzymes. Together with F. Jacob, he formulated the hypothesis on the transfer of genetic information by way of the mRNA (messenger ribonucleic acid) from DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) to ribosomes. Jacob and Monod also proposed the concept of operon to explain the genetic regulation of protein synthesis in bacteria.

Monod is a member of various academies of sciences throughout the world. He was awarded a Nobel Prize in 1965 along with Jacob and A. Lwoff.

WORKS

“Genetic Regulatory Mechanisms in the Synthesis of Proteins.” Journal of Molecular Biology, 1961, vol. 3, no. 3. (F. Jacob, coauthor.)
“Le Promoteur élément génétique nécessaire à 1’éxpression d’un opéron.” Comptes rendus des seances de l’Academic des sciences, 1964, vol. 258, no. 11. (F. Jacob and A. Ullman, coauthors.)

IA. A. PARNES

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
And when Monod Sports was approached with an opportunity to get involved, there was no hesitation.
3 -- ST (mg/l) 2900 -- 2320 2650 MLVSS (mg/l) 2690 -- 2230 1940 Tabla 2: Valores estimados de los parametros biocineticos PROCESO DEGRADACION DE SUSTRATO Cinetica 1 Cinetica tipo Monod orden [u.
Dessa forma, a proposta deste trabalho e avaliar o comportamento de uma cultura mista de microrganismos (lodo), oriunda de um processo de lodo ativado, aplicado ao tratamento de esgoto sanitario, ao ser submetida a um processo de nitrificacao, em diferentes cargas de amonio e na ausencia e na presenca de fonte de carbono, determinando-se os parametros dos modelos de Monod (Equacao 1) e de Andrews (Equacao 2), com o intuito de verificar o modelo mais adequado ao processo.
By early in the seventeenth century, many kings responded by acting a new role in what Monod calls "the theater of royal virtue" (83); they used ceremonies, proclamations, art, drama, and the press to present themselves as embodying the religious and moral values that unified Christian states.
Le but de l'article de Monod Becquelin, qui s'interesse a la conversation quotidienne et aux dialogues rituels dans la tradition orale maya, est de montrer que quotidien et rituel s'empruntent certaines marques dans l'exercice de la parole, rendant ainsi permeables les frontieres entre les deux genres.
To compensate for a perceived over-emphasis on "secular aspects of political thought" by "historians of the rational state," in other words, those who look to the state "as the product of class conflict, militarism, fiscal reform, and hierarchical organization," Monod interprets state development "through the prism of religious faith, at whose centre lies a vision (or illusion) of the sacred" (pp.
Jacques Monod was a molecular biologist who combined the authority of a Nobel laureate with a passion for philosophy and a gift for words.
Kauffman cites a statement by Jacques Monod, a Nobel-winning biologist, that "Evolution is chance caught on the wing.
Secular humanists will find those selections from Richard Dawkins, Julian Huxley, Jacques Monod, E.
Jacob and Monod, who had first suggested the existence of messenger RNA (see 1956), puzzled over the fact that different cells in a body had different chemistries even though they all had the same genetic makeup.
Equally incisive, however, is her critique of the thought of Jacques Monod and his dour statistical atheism.