Monsoon Climate


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monsoon climate

[män′sün ‚klī·mət]
(climatology)
The type of climate which is found in regions subject to monsoons.

Monsoon Climate

 

a climate endemic to regions of the earth in which atmospheric circulation has a monsoon character. A monsoon climate is characterized by summers with heavy rainfall and winters with prolonged droughts. Correspondingly, the air humidity in the summer is significantly higher than in the winter. For example, in Bombay, India, 3 to 8 mm of precipitation fall during the winter, and 270 to 610 mm during the summer. The local geographic conditions in a number of regions result in variations of a monsoon climate. For example, Japan has heavy rainfall in the summer, as well as a significant amount of precipitation in the winter. Etesian climates, which experience the heaviest rainfall in the winter, prevail east of the Mediterranean Basin, where monsoon air currents move from the land in the summer and from the sea in the winter.

References in periodicals archive ?
It's one that's still the norm in many subtropical regions, but during the greenhouse spike in the late Paleocene epoch, monsoon climates extended well into what are now temperate latitudes.
Ocean currents meant its polar regions had a monsoon climate while the rest of the continent was a desert.
Near the poles, the monsoon climate is helping new life forms to emerge.
As the Capital of Western China s Sichuan province, Chengdu enjoys a subtropical monsoon climate and annual average temperatures of 16AC
Jinggang Mountain, the middle-subtropical humid monsoon climate, is in possession of towering mountains, vast stretch of forest, clouds like waves of great momentum, unique flying waterfall, and fresh "natural oxygen bar", thus the State Council approved Jinggang Mountain among the first group of National Key Scenic Spot, so to speak the necessity of good opportunity and favorable geographical location.