Montanism

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Montanism

(mŏn`tənĭzəm), apocalyptic movement of the 2d cent. It arose in Phrygia (c.172) under the leadership of a certain Montanus and two female prophets, Prisca and Maximillia, whose entranced utterances were deemed oracles of the Holy Spirit. They had an immediate expectation of Judgment Day, and they encouraged ecstatic prophesying and strict asceticism. They believed that a Christian fallen from grace could never be redeemed, in opposition to the Catholic view that, since the sinner's contrition restored him to grace, the church must receive him again. Montanism antagonized the church because the sect claimed a superior authority arising from divine inspiration. Catholics were told that they should flee persecution, Montanists were told to seek it. When the Montanists began to set up a hierarchy of their own, the Catholic leaders, fearing to lose the cohesion essential to the survivial of persecuted Christianity, denounced the movement. TertullianTertullian
(Quintus Septimus Florens Tertullianus) , c.160–c.230, Roman theologian and Christian apologist, b. Carthage. He was the son of a centurion and was well educated, especially in law. Converted to Christianity c.
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 was a notable member of the movement, which died (c.220) as a sect, except in isolated areas of Phrygia, where it continued to the 7th cent. But the puristic anti-intellectual movement had many descendants—NovatianNovatian
, fl. 250, Roman priest, antipope (from 251), and theologian. He opposed the election of St. Cornelius as pope and set himself up instead. He gained followers throughout the empire because of his espousal of the idea that those fallen from grace by compromising their
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, the Donatists (see DonatismDonatism
, schismatic movement among Christians of N Africa (fl. 4th cent.), led by Donatus, bishop of Casae Nigrae (fl. 313), and the theologian Donatus the Great or Donatus Magnus (d. 355).
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), the CathariCathari
[Gr.,=pure], name for members of the widespread dualistic religious movement of the Middle Ages. Carried from the Balkans to Western Europe, Catharism flourished in the 12th and 13th cent. as far north as England.
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, and even Emanuel SwedenborgSwedenborg, Emanuel
, 1688–1772, Swedish scientist, religious teacher, and mystic. His religious system, sometimes called Swedenborgianism, is largely incorporated in the Church of the New Jerusalem, founded some years after his death.
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 and Edward IrvingIrving, Edward,
1792–1834, Scottish preacher, under whose influence the Catholic Apostolic Church was founded; its members have sometimes been called Irvingites. He was tutor to Jane Welsh, later the wife of Thomas Carlyle, and became the friend of Carlyle.
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.

Montanism

2nd-century heretical Christian movement led by prophet Montanus. [Christian Hist.: EB, VI: 1012]
References in periodicals archive ?
Montanus took to his Facebook and Twitter accounts to share his photo, reported (http://www.
While Montanus and others portrayed inquisitors as shadowy robed monks devilishly chanting Latin in gothic halls, this was more Hollywood than hellacious reality.
The strong population growth in the Tree Sparrow Passer montanus, the Blue Tit Parus caeruleus, and the Greenfinch Carduelis chloris have been explained, at least partly, by an increase in winter feeding (Vaisanen & Solonen, 1997; Vepsalainen et al.
gracilis, Planolites beverleyensis, Planolites montanus, vraisemblablement des terriers de Scoyenia, et Skolithos.
affinis montanus (Ojanguren-Affilastro 2003a) because it shows minor morphological differences from the typical morph of the species, which is present in San Juan and Mendoza provinces.
Eudora (Charadrius) montanus by Loye Miller) are referable here as is a proximal humerus in the SMBNH collection (No.
Yet we may deduce that Montanus was not a native-born Roman aristocrat.
In 304 este inregistrata martirizarea preotului dac Montanus si a sotiei sale Maxima, la Singidunum (Belgrad).
Eleusine flagellifera, Lasiurus sindicus, Sarcharum spontaneum, Sporobolus marginatus Forbs:, Aerva tomentosa, Cassia holosericea, Convolvulus glomeratus, Crotolaria bifolia, Fagonia critira, Heliotrpium ophioglossum, Indigofera oblongifloia, Rhynorosia minima Central Trees/Shrubs: Cymbopogon choenanthus, Baluchistan Chrysopogon montanus, Juniperus ruilges macrooda, Pistacia sp.
Besides Montanus's purportedly pagan past, there were questions about the nature and content of his prophecy, however, the cult of Montanus quickly rose to challenge the still-establishing Church of the second century.
The 2,000-year-old mosaic shows a gladiator named Montanus wielding a trident and net over a defeated opponent.