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Montauban(môNtōbäN`), city (1990 pop. 52,278), capital of Tarn-et-Garonne dept., S France, on the Tarn River. It is a commercial and industrial center where aeronautic and electrical equipment, food products, textiles, shoes, and tiles are produced. Founded in 1144, Montauban was a stronghold of the AlbigensesAlbigenses
[Lat.,=people of Albi, one of their centers], religious sect of S France in the Middle Ages. Beliefs and Practices
Officially known as heretics, they were actually Cathari, Provençal adherents of a doctrine similar to the Manichaean dualistic
..... Click the link for more information. in the 13th cent. and of the HuguenotsHuguenots
, French Protestants, followers of John Calvin. The term is derived from the German Eidgenossen, meaning sworn companions or confederates. Origins
Prior to Calvin's publication in 1536 of his Institutes of the Christian Religion,
..... Click the link for more information. in the 16th cent. It enjoyed prosperity until the time of Louis XIV's religious persecutions (17th cent.). Points of interest include a 14th-century brick bridge over the Tarn and a cathedral (17th–18th cent.), which contains a celebrated painting by Jean Ingres, who was born in Montauban. The city has several army instruction centers.
a city in southwestern France, on the Tarn River; capital of the department of Tarn-et-Garonne. Population, 45,900 (1968). The city is a transportation junction and the center of an agricultural region (vegetables, fruits, poultry). It has food-processing and textile industries.