Monte Cassino

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Monte Cassino

(môn`tā käs-sē`nō), monastery, in Latium, central Italy, E of the Rapido River. Situated on a hill (1,674 ft/510 m) overlooking Cassino, it was founded c.529 by St. BenedictBenedict, Saint
, d. c.547, Italian monk, called Benedict of Nursia, author of a rule for monks that became the basis of the Benedictine order, b. Norcia (E of Spoleto).
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 of Nursia, whose rule became that of all Benedictine houses in the world. Monte Cassino was throughout the centuries one of the great centers of Christian learning and piety; its influence on European civilization is immeasurable (see BenedictinesBenedictines,
religious order of the Roman Catholic Church, following the rule of St. Benedict [Lat. abbr.,=O.S.B.]. The first Benedictine monastery was at Monte Cassino, Italy, which came to be regarded as the symbolic center of Western monasticism. St.
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). Its greatest abbot after St. Benedict was Desiderius (later Pope Victor III) in the 11th cent. The buildings of the abbey were destroyed four times: by the Lombards (c.581); by the Arabs (883); by an earthquake (1349); and, after their restoration in the 17th cent., by a concentrated Allied aerial bombardment in 1944 (see CassinoCassino
, town (1991 pop. 32,787), in Latium, central Italy, in the Apennines, on the Rapido River. It is a commercial and agricultural center, and the site of a Fiat auto assembly plant. The peace between Emperor Frederick II and Pope Gregory IX was signed there in 1230.
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). The German garrison, who had used the abbey as a fortress, survived the bombing in previously dug caves, but the buildings were flattened and most of their art treasures destroyed. A considerable part of the library's collection of invaluable manuscripts was saved by the monks. The monastery was rebuilt again after World War II.

Monte Cassino

a hill above Cassino in central Italy: site of intense battle during World War II: site of Benedictine monastery (530 ad), destroyed by Allied bombing in 1944, later restored
References in periodicals archive ?
Mr Duncan say action with the Royal Military Police and 8th Army in Dunkirk, Africa and Monte Casino, Italy.
Born in Germany in 1924, he was conscripted into the German infantry in 1942, served in France and Italy, and was captured at Monte Casino in 1944 (curiously enough at a time when my father was with the Canadians in that general area).
Leonard was killed fighting at Monte Casino, while our father transferred to the Parachute Regiment and dropped at Arnhem alongside our grandmother's third husband, George Knowles.
Later, I would study battles at Yorktown, Gettysburg, Little Big Horn, Belleau Wood, Iwo Jima, Normandy, Monte Casino, Inchon and Khe Sanh where Americans died.
Not since the battle of Monte Casino has an elevated piece of realestate been more bitterly contested than the moral highground in Britain today.
It is ablaze with white calla lilies, red gerbera, red roses, blue delphinium, monte casino and greens.
Laura Ashley(R) Bouquet presented by FTD -- lilies, roses and carnations in shades of pink and soft yellow mini carnations and white Monte Casino.
George Langridge, vietime of a German sniper bullet at the Battle of Monte Casino.
I was mortared when painting the bombing of Monte Casino.
My left foot: one man band master Michael Angelo, 80, originally from Monte Casino, Italy, but latterly Brownlow Hill, Liverpool, was famed for his renditions of Nelly Kelly and Cuckoo Waltz, especially, he said in "Downsmith Road".
He even sent me a one when they were fighting in Monte Casino, Italy, living in dug-outs with bombs dropping all around them.
Those ghosts were always with them - friends these old Commandos had lost at Dieppe, Anzio, Monte Casino, Elba, and Normandy.