Monte Cassino


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Monte Cassino

(môn`tā käs-sē`nō), monastery, in Latium, central Italy, E of the Rapido River. Situated on a hill (1,674 ft/510 m) overlooking Cassino, it was founded c.529 by St. BenedictBenedict, Saint
, d. c.547, Italian monk, called Benedict of Nursia, author of a rule for monks that became the basis of the Benedictine order, b. Norcia (E of Spoleto).
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 of Nursia, whose rule became that of all Benedictine houses in the world. Monte Cassino was throughout the centuries one of the great centers of Christian learning and piety; its influence on European civilization is immeasurable (see BenedictinesBenedictines,
religious order of the Roman Catholic Church, following the rule of St. Benedict [Lat. abbr.,=O.S.B.]. The first Benedictine monastery was at Monte Cassino, Italy, which came to be regarded as the symbolic center of Western monasticism. St.
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). Its greatest abbot after St. Benedict was Desiderius (later Pope Victor III) in the 11th cent. The buildings of the abbey were destroyed four times: by the Lombards (c.581); by the Arabs (883); by an earthquake (1349); and, after their restoration in the 17th cent., by a concentrated Allied aerial bombardment in 1944 (see CassinoCassino
, town (1991 pop. 32,787), in Latium, central Italy, in the Apennines, on the Rapido River. It is a commercial and agricultural center, and the site of a Fiat auto assembly plant. The peace between Emperor Frederick II and Pope Gregory IX was signed there in 1230.
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). The German garrison, who had used the abbey as a fortress, survived the bombing in previously dug caves, but the buildings were flattened and most of their art treasures destroyed. A considerable part of the library's collection of invaluable manuscripts was saved by the monks. The monastery was rebuilt again after World War II.

Monte Cassino

a hill above Cassino in central Italy: site of intense battle during World War II: site of Benedictine monastery (530 ad), destroyed by Allied bombing in 1944, later restored
References in periodicals archive ?
I've got to go to the funeral of a much-loved relative, a man who fought at Monte Cassino, landed on the beaches of Anzio, rode a horse in the Grand National and was chairman of the world's greatest football club, Aston Villa.
If so, with the 70th anniversary of VE Day, it's sure to be popular - the four-month Battle of Monte Cassino was one of the toughest in Western Europe.
Jim Morgan The Monte Cassino Society Llantwit Major Vale of Glamorgan
Here they rejoined the Polish group and went on to Monte Cassino where they were caught by a German hand grenade.
Sous le feu des canons allemands en 1944 a Monte Cassino (Italie), sa jambe gauche martyrisee par plusieurs eclats d'obus fut sauvee par un chirurgien inspire.
London, Aug 5 ( ANI ): The battle for Monte Cassino - one of the most bitterly fought land campaigns during World War II - is being made into a film to coincide with the battle's 70th anniversary.
A HERO Black Watch sergeant is set to lead a 1750-mile charity cycle from the World War II battlefield of Monte Cassino in Italy to Edinburgh Castle.
After Salerno the 56th Division took part in the Anzio battle at Monte Cassino, the gothic line, and the River Po crossing, finishing up in Trieste.
Firstly, Monte Cassino during the Second World War, in which young girl Vittoria tries to outwit the German army to get food for the hoards of hungry children in her town.
Dyer won with The Monte Cassino, made with equal parts Benedictine, Yellow Chartreuse, fresh lemon juice and Rittenhouse Rye.
In the Second World War, he served in Italy with the Royal Artillery and, as a second lieutenant, fought at Monte Cassino.
He was then wounded twice in Italy having fought at Monte Cassino.