Monte Cassino

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Monte Cassino

(môn`tā käs-sē`nō), monastery, in Latium, central Italy, E of the Rapido River. Situated on a hill (1,674 ft/510 m) overlooking Cassino, it was founded c.529 by St. BenedictBenedict, Saint
, d. c.547, Italian monk, called Benedict of Nursia, author of a rule for monks that became the basis of the Benedictine order, b. Norcia (E of Spoleto).
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 of Nursia, whose rule became that of all Benedictine houses in the world. Monte Cassino was throughout the centuries one of the great centers of Christian learning and piety; its influence on European civilization is immeasurable (see BenedictinesBenedictines,
religious order of the Roman Catholic Church, following the rule of St. Benedict [Lat. abbr.,=O.S.B.]. The first Benedictine monastery was at Monte Cassino, Italy, which came to be regarded as the symbolic center of Western monasticism. St.
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). Its greatest abbot after St. Benedict was Desiderius (later Pope Victor III) in the 11th cent. The buildings of the abbey were destroyed four times: by the Lombards (c.581); by the Arabs (883); by an earthquake (1349); and, after their restoration in the 17th cent., by a concentrated Allied aerial bombardment in 1944 (see CassinoCassino
, town (1991 pop. 32,787), in Latium, central Italy, in the Apennines, on the Rapido River. It is a commercial and agricultural center, and the site of a Fiat auto assembly plant. The peace between Emperor Frederick II and Pope Gregory IX was signed there in 1230.
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). The German garrison, who had used the abbey as a fortress, survived the bombing in previously dug caves, but the buildings were flattened and most of their art treasures destroyed. A considerable part of the library's collection of invaluable manuscripts was saved by the monks. The monastery was rebuilt again after World War II.

Monte Cassino

a hill above Cassino in central Italy: site of intense battle during World War II: site of Benedictine monastery (530 ad), destroyed by Allied bombing in 1944, later restored
References in periodicals archive ?
When the town fell to the Allies, a monk at the Abby of Montecassino wrote in his diary entry for 17 December 1943 of "the tragic death of the parish of San Pietro Infine.
Montecassino Woodbridge 140 Jevlan Drive Woodbridge
Matthews' lead could come under further pressure on today's sixth stage, the 247km route from Sassano to the top of the hill at the Abbey of Montecassino near Naples.
YOUR Fully EscOrted HOLIDAY Includes: Excursions to the value of PS170 to Rome, Montecassino Abbey and Pompeii Return flights from Leeds/Bradford& Manchester to Rome, luggage and hotel transfers 7 nights accomodation - 3 nights at a 4* hotel in Rome (B&B) and 4 nights at a 3* hotel on the Sorrento Peninsula (Dinner, B&B) Optional sightseeing to Capri and Amalfi (available at a supplement) Operated by Mistral Holidays ABTA V0669 ATOL 6900.
34) Although it has been suggested that in southern Italy, incastellamento was most pronounced in those areas dominated by great landowning monasteries such as Montecassino, which wanted to create new settlements for territorial control and protection, (35) Graham Loud cautioned against over-exaggerating this development.
Rome & Sorrento with visits to Montecassino Abbey & Pompeii
Other doctors and translators worked together with Constantine in the Montecassino abbey such as Atto and Johannes Afflatius ([dagger] 1003.
She also reviews (both here and in two articles about the text) the fascinating history of the early transmission of the text of Apuleius, from its emendation by Sallustius at Rome in 396 through the monastic center of Montecassino and into the hands of the Humanists, profiting from recent work by Carver (The Protean Ass, Oxford 2008) and Gaisser (The Fortunes of Apuleius and the Golden Ass, Princeton 2008).
Al Duomo di Amalfi (1065), all'Abbazia di Montecassino (1066), a San Paolo fuori le mura, Roma (1070), a Monte Sant'Angelo (1076), a San Salvatore a Atrani (1087), e al Duomo di Salerno (1098) troviamo battenti lignei rivestiti di lastre di oricalco fissate con chiodi: opere di assemblaggio realizzate con un sistema quasi industriale che produceva porte leggere, facilmente trasportabili in sezioni modulari.
Maria la Fossa Church had never been a monastery depending on Montecassino.
Jozef Czapski alcanzo a combatir en Montecassino a las ordenes del general Anders, y tuvo suerte de que el populoso cementerio polaco emplazado alli no incluyera su lapida.
Eisenhower, en plena Segunda Guerra Mundial, ante simples indicios de que los alemanes se habian refugiado en la abadia benedictina de Montecassino, erigida en 524, ordeno su destruccion.