Montgolfier Brothers

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Joseph-Michel Montgolfier
BirthplaceAnnonay, Ardèche, France

Montgolfier Brothers


French inventors of the aerostat (balloon).

Joseph Montgolfier Born Aug. 26, 1740, in Annonay, Ardèche Department; died June 26, 1810, in Balaruc-les-Bains, Hérault Department.

Jacques Etienne Montgolfier Born Jan. 7, 1745, in Annonay, Ardéche Department; died Aug. 2, 1799, in Serriéres, Ardéche Department.

The first flight of the Montgolfier brothers’ balloon (a fire balloon, also known as montgolfier), which was filled with hot smoke, took place on June 5, 1783, in Annonay. The first manned flight in this type of balloon was on Nov. 21, 1783, in Paris.

Montgolfier brothers

(Joseph, 1740–1810) (Jaques, 1745–1799) first to make practical, manned balloon flight (1783). [Fr. Hist.: NCE, 1821]
See: Firsts
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References in periodicals archive ?
Hot-air balloons were invented by the Montgolfier brothers in France in 1783.
The Montgolfier brothers and their helpers started to fill the balloon with the hot air so that it would fly above the earth.
Our first balloon was thirty feet in diameter and weighed three hundred pounds, just like this one," one of the Montgolfier brothers told the people.
The Montgolfier brothers thanked Father, Maurice, and Marie for the pets they had put into the balloon basket.
The Montgolfier brothers believed it was the smoke that made the balloon rise because they had seen how smoke from a fire rose," Mr Marshall said.
The Llangollen Balloon Festival is going to recognise the pioneering efforts of the Montgolfier brothers and their intrepid test pilots.
The event will also be hosting the UK's first indoor balloon festival, at the Royal International Pavilion, with working models of famous balloons including those flown by the Montgolfier brothers and Richard Branson.
But nothing really got off the ground until the summer of 1783, when the Montgolfier brothers sent a sheep, a duck and a chicken on an eight-minute flight over France.
Also on This Day: 1356: The English defeated the French at Battle of Poitiers; 1783: Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette witnessed the Montgolfier brothers achieve the first manned hot-air balloon ascent; 1867: Birth of illustrator Arthur Rackham; 1876: First carpet-sweeper patented by American inventor Melville Reuben Bissell; 1893: New Zealand became the first country to give women the vote; 1934: Birth of Brian Epstein, discoverer of the Beatles; 1945: William Joyce, aka Lord Haw-Haw, sentenced to hang for treason after Old Bailey trial; 1963: Death of cartoonist Sir David Low; 1975: The BBC broadcast the first episode of its comedy series Fawlty Towers; 1997: Six killed in Southall rail crash.
But he was not finished with balloons, a passion which began when he realised that advances were needed on the first attempt at hot-air flight in 1783, which had involved the French Montgolfier brothers, Joseph and Jacques, launching a sheep, a cock and a duck some 500ft into the air in a basket suspended from a silk balloon filled with the hot air from a fire.
The origins of such "lighter than air" machines, of course, stemmed from the experiments carried out by the two wealthy French paper workers, the Montgolfier brothers.