Monts, Pierre du Gua, sieur de

Monts, Pierre du Gua, sieur de

(pyĕr dü gwä syör də môN), c.1560–c.1630, French colonizer in North America. A wealthy Huguenot and a favorite of Henry IV, he was the holder of a trade monopoly in New France and the patron of Samuel de ChamplainChamplain, Samuel de
, 1567–1635, French explorer, the chief founder of New France.

After serving in France under Henry of Navarre (King Henry IV) in the religious wars, Champlain was given command of a Spanish fleet sailing to the West Indies, Mexico, and the
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. Monts had visited the St. Lawrence by 1603. In 1604–5 he and Champlain explored the coast of New Brunswick and New England as far south as Cape Cod. He planted the first French colony in Canada at Port Royal (the modern Annapolis RoyalAnnapolis Royal,
town (1991 pop. 633), W N.S., Canada, on the Annapolis River. Founded as Port Royal by the sieur de Monts in 1605, the settlement was destroyed (1613) by English colonists under Samuel Argall but was rebuilt by the French.
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, N. S.) in 1605. Leaving it in Champlain's care, he returned to France but sent ships in 1607 and 1608 to aid the colonists. Monts's monopoly of the fur trade was revoked in 1608, and his influence declined after Henry IV's death (1610), but Monts was involved in Canadian trade into the 1620s.

Bibliography

See W. I. Morse, ed., Pierre du Gua, sieur de Monts: Records (1939).

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