mung bean

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mung bean

an E Asian bean plant, Phaseolus aureus, grown for forage and as the source of bean sprouts used in oriental cookery

Mung Bean


(Phaseolus aureus), a species of annual herbaceous plants of the Phaseolus genus of the Leguminosae (pea) family. It originated from the wild species P. sublobatus. There are three subspecies—ssp. indicus, ssp. chinensis, and ssp. Iranicus.

The mung bean is 25-100 cm tall and very hairy, with a ramose stem that is erect, decumbent, or procumbent, and a taproot. The leaves are alternate, trifoliolate, and green. The flowers are golden yellow, growing in short racemes. The pods (beans) are narrow and cylindrical; they may be straight or curved, are 8-15 cm long, and contain seven to ten seeds. The ripe pods are nearly black. The seeds are rounded and cylindrical or barrel-shaped and may be green, yellow, or brown; 1,000 seeds weigh 25-80 g. The growing period for early ripening varieties in the USSR (such as Pobeda 104) is 80-100 days. The plants are heat- and moisture-loving. The seeds contain 24-28 percent protein, 46-50 percent starch, 2-4 percent oil, and vitamins. Mung beans are used as food in the form of groats, and the green beans and blanched sprouts are used as vegetables. The foliage is dried, ensiled, and plowed under as green manure; the straw and chaff are fed to livestock.

The mung bean is native to Southwest Asia, where it was first cultivated 5,000-6,000 years ago. Currently it is grown in India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Burma, China, Vietnam, Japan, and elsewhere. In the USSR it is grown in Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasia, and southern Kazakhstan (in small fields), using irrigation; it is planted in the spring or after the harvest. The seed yield of the mung bean is 10-16 centners per hectare; the foliage yield, up to 200 centners per hectare.


References in periodicals archive ?
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While, the prices of maize, arhar dal and moong dal declined by one per cent each, prices of fuel remained unchanged at the previous week's level.
At item level, Rice, Wheat, Moong Dal, Fish Fresh, Goat Meat, Milk (Cow & Buffalo), Pure Ghee, Medicine, Barber Charges, etc.
The spread includes ten starters, ten kinds of biryani and curries, ten salads and ten desserts, including a divine Moong Dal Halwa that miraculously doesn't swim in ghee .
The team laid its hands on all possible snacks popular among college students, including samosa, tikki, bread pakora, kachori, moong dal laddoo , chowmein, momos, fried rice, bhallepapri, bhelpuri, chhole bhature, pao bhaji, chhole kulche, rajma chawal and beverages such as lemonade.
The retail price of moong dal which was Rs 37 per kg two years ago has now shot up to more than double at Rs 88 per kg in Delhi.
During the period prices of Gram Dal decreased at three centers while prices of Tur Dal, Urad Dal and Moong Dal remained steady at most of the centers.
SUNAINA Kapoor, a marketing executive, chose to splash a bowl of moong dal on her husband's face.
Its objective is to showcase the work of the prisoners, ranging from the jail's famous TJ namkeen brand -- Sanjana says she is addicted to the moong dal namkeen -- to freshly baked breads, paintings on wraps and handicraft products.
During the week prices of Moong Dal also decreased at two centers which are Mandi and Agra and prices of Masoor Dal decreased at three centers Shimla, Mandi and Sambalpur.
The researchers germinated moong dal ( Phaseolus aureus) seeds in a closed chamber in which two cell phones were kept on talk mode.