Moraceae


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Related to Moraceae: Apocynaceae, Bombacaceae

Moraceae

[mə′rās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous woody plants in the order Urticales characterized by two styles or style branches, anthers inflexed in the bud, and secretion of a milky juice.

Moraceae

 

(mulberry), a family of dicotyledonous plants including trees, shrubs, and—much less commonly—herbs. Almost all species contain a milky juice. The leaves have stipules and are mostly alternate. The small, inconspicuous flowers are regular and unisexual; they are gathered in racemose, spicate, umbelliferous, or capitate inflorescences. In many species the axis of the inflorescence is thickened and has the shape of a saucer, cup, or sphere. The perianth generally has four sepals; sometimes a perianth is absent. The fruit is usually a collection of drupes and is often connate.

There are more than 1,500 species, making up 60 to 85 genera. The plants are found mainly in the tropics and subtropics. The largest genus, Ficus (fig), comprises about 1,000 species. In the USSR the common fig (F. carica) grows wild; cultivated species include the mulberry (Morus) and, less commonly, the osage orange (Madura).

The family Moraceae includes many economically important species. The fruits of the fig, the breadfruit tree, and the mulberry are edible; the milky juice of the cow tree (Brosimum galactodendron, or Galactodendron Mile) may be used in food. Mulberry leaves serve as food for silkworms. The rubber plant (Ficus elástica) and species of the genus Castilloa are sources of rubber. Species of several genera, including Chlorophora, Brous-sonetia, Madura, and Morus, yield valuable lumber. There are a number of poisonous species, for example, the upas tree (Antiaris toxicaría).

REFERENCE

Hutchinson, J. The Genera of Flowering Plants, vol. 2. Oxford, 1967.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

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Sementes pertencentes a individuos da familia Moraceae (Ficus guaranitica, Ficus insipida, Ficus sp.
Is a genus of about 800 species of woody trees, shrubs and vines in the family Moraceae and is native throughout the tropics with a few species extending into the warm temperate zone (Figure 4).
Familias Percentual de especies (%) Myrtaceae 13,1 Lauraceae 8,4 Fabaceae 7,5 Rubiaceae 7,5 Melastomataceae 4,7 Euphorbiaceae 4,7 Salicaceae 3,7 Meliaceae 2,8 Moraceae 2,8 Sapindaceae 2,8 Verbenaceae 2,8 Outras familias (42) 39,3 Figura 4.
Chlorophora excelsa and Chlorophora regia of the Family Moraceae
This is present in Barbeyaceae (Dickison & Sweitzer, 1970), Cecropiaceae (Kubitzki, 1993), Moraceae (Rohwer, 1993a), Urticaceae (Friis, 1993), and Rosaceae (e.
Studies on natural products: the moraceae in African traditional medicine and management of psychiatry in Borno state.
Pyranocycloartobiloxanthone A (PA), a xanthone derived from the Arrocorpus obtusus Jarret, belongs to the Moraceae family which is native to the tropical forest of Malaysia.
For example, Tippo (1938) turned to wood anatomy to help place Moraceae relative to other families.
Nakai Moraceae Clark Harrison Floerkea proserpinacoides Willd.
Benzophenones have a limited natural distribution and are restricted to the Clusiaceae, Moraceae and a few other plant families (Baggett et al.
Family Asteraceae/Compositae was represented by the highest number of species (8 species) followed by Moraceae (5 species), Graminae/Poaceae (4 species), and Solanaceae and Zingiberaceae (3 species).